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Actinaria cytolysins are very potent basic toxins isolated from the venom of sea anemones, which are supposed to exert their toxic activity through formation of oligomeric pores in the host plasma membrane. To gain insight into their mechanism of action, the interaction of Stichodactyla helianthus sticholysin I (St-I) with lipid bilayers was studied. St-I(More)
The P3 murine monoclonal antibody (MAb) was generated by immunizing BALB/c mice with NeuGcGM3 included into liposomes. The specificity of this MAb was defined by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and immunostaining on thin-layer chromatograms. P3 MAb binds to NeuGc-containing gangliosides and was shown also to react with sulfated glycolipids. A(More)
The killing activity of sea-anemone cytolysins on Giardia duodenalis was investigated. Three different toxins, sticholysin I and II from Stichodactyla helianthus (St I and St II) and equinatoxin II from Actinia equina (EqtII) were all found to be active in an acute test, with a C50 in the nanomolar range (St I, 0.5 nM; St II, 1.6 nM; and EqtII, 0.8 nM). A(More)
Sticholysin I (StI), a potent cytolysin isolated from the sea anemone Stichodactyla helianthus, was linked to the monoclonal antibody (mAb) ior C5. StI acts by forming hydrophilic pores in the membrane of the attacked cells leading to osmotic lysis. ior C5 is a murine IgG1, which recognizes the tumor associated antigen (TAA) ior C2. The cytolysin and the(More)
Sticholysins (Sts) I and II (StI/II) are pore-forming toxins (PFTs) produced by the Caribbean Sea anemone Stichodactyla helianthus belonging to the actinoporin family, a unique class of eukaryotic PFTs exclusively found in sea anemones. As for the rest of the members of this family, Sts are cysteine-less proteins, with molecular weights around 20 kDa, high(More)
Sticholysin II (Stn II) is a cytolytic protein produced by the sea anemone Stichodactyla helianthus, its effect being related to pore formation. The conformation of the protein and its temperature-induced transitions, in the 1.5-12.0 pH range and in the 0-0.5 M NaCl concentration interval, have been studied by circular dichroism and fluorescence(More)
Sticholysins I and II are two highly hemolytic polypeptides purified from the Caribbean Sea anemone Stichodactyla helianthus. Their high sequence homology (93%) indicates that they correspond to isoforms of the same hemolysin. The spectroscopic measurements show a close similarity in the secondary structure content, conformation and stability of both(More)
Sticholysin II (St II) is a pore forming cytolysin obtained from the sea anemone Stichodactyla helianthus. Incubation of diluted St II solutions at different pHs (ranging from 2.0 to 12) slightly changes the secondary structure of the protein. These changes are particularly manifested at high pH. Similarly, the intrinsic fluorescence of the protein(More)
Sticholysin I and II (St I and St II), two basic cytolysins purified from the Caribbean sea anemone Stichodactyla helianthus, efficiently permeabilize lipid vesicles by forming pores in their membranes. A general characteristic of these toxins is their preference for membranes containing sphingomyelin (SM). As a consequence, vesicles formed by equimolar(More)
A potent hemolytic polypeptide, sticholysin II, has been purified to homogeneity from the sea anemone Stichodactyla helianthus. The protein produces leakage of aqueous contents of model lipid vesicles composed of either phosphatidylcholine or sphingomyelin if cholesterol is present in these membranes. The leakage has been analyzed by measuring the(More)