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Infections due to extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Escherichia coli (ESBLEC) in nonhospitalized patients seem to be emerging in different countries. Their incidence, epidemiology, and clinical impact in the community have not been studied. We describe the epidemiology and clinical features of infections caused by ESBLEC in nonhospitalized(More)
BACKGROUND Extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Escherichia coli, particularly those producing CTX-M types of ESBL, are emerging pathogens. Bacteremia caused by these organisms represents a clinical challenge, because the organisms are frequently resistant to the antimicrobials recommended for treatment of patients with suspected E. coli(More)
Stroke patients often suffer from hemiparesis, which affects their balance condition and consequently their self-dependency and quality of life. Balance rehabilitation can be a long and tedious process. Virtual rehabilitation systems have been reported to provide therapeutic benefits to the balance recovery of stroke patients while increasing their(More)
BACKGROUND Extended-spectrum ß-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli (ESBL-EC) is an important cause of invasive infections. Alternatives to carbapenems--considered the drugs of choice--are needed because of the emergence of carbapenemase-producing enterobacteria. The efficacy of ß-lactam/ß-lactam inhibitors (BLBLI) in such infections is controversial. (More)
Whether peritoneal dialysis is a risk factor for the development of intra-abdominal infection after simultaneous pancreas–kidney (SPK) transplantation is controversial. We investigated the incidence of intra-abdominal infection and graft survival rates in 100 patients who underwent SPK transplantation. Prior to transplantation, 25 patients received(More)
OBJECTIVES Escherichia coli belonging to clonal group ST131 has emerged as a significant contributor to infection caused by antibiotic-resistant E. coli worldwide. We investigated the risk factors for infections caused by ST131 E. coli and their clinical implications. METHODS One thousand and seventy-seven E. coli isolates were screened for ST131 by(More)
In the present study, changes in phospholipid compositions of liver microsomes, erythrocyte membranes, platelets, aorta, cardiac muscle and brain of rats fed olive oil were compared with those of rats fed sunflower oil. Four groups of rats starting at weaning were fed for four weeks a basal diet containing 5 or 25% olive oil or sunflower oil. We found that(More)
BACKGROUND In patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus and end-stage renal disease, simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplantation is associated with increased survival when compared with solitary deceased kidney transplant or dialysis. We consider that the analysis of our long-term program (based in a single center) of simultaneous pancreas-kidney(More)
Risk-factors for bloodstream infections caused by extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Escherichia coli were investigated using an exploratory case-double control study in which 43 cases (70% producing CTX-M enzymes) were compared with: (i) 86 patients with bacteraemia caused by non-ESBL-producing E. coli; and (ii) 86 hospitalised patients.(More)
We present a case of a 45-year-old man who suffered from idiopatic membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis (MPGN) in the native kidney that relapsed after his first and second renal grafts. The patient was diagnosed in 1990 with lobular MPGN type I, receiving his first renal graft in 1996. In 2001, a biopsy showed recurrence of MPGN type I (rMPGN). He(More)