María Del Rocío Fernández-Santos

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In the present study, computer-automated sperm head morphometry of epididymal samples was used to determine if sperm head area and shape are useful measurements for separating "good" and "bad" Iberian red deer freezers. A microscope slide was prepared from single diluted sperm fresh samples collected from 38 mature stags. Slides were air-dried and stained(More)
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of the thawing procedure on red deer spermatozoa distribution in morphologically distinct subpopulations after freezing and thawing. For this purpose, epididymal spermatozoa were thawed using two different thawing protocols (I = 37 degree celsius for 20 s vs. II = 70 degree celsius for 5 s). The(More)
In the present study, we have related mitochondrial membrane potential (DeltaPsim) and forward scatter (FSC) to apoptotic-related changes in spermatozoa. Thawed red deer spermatozoa were incubated in synthetic oviductal fluid medium (37 degrees C, 5% CO2), with or without antioxidant (100 microm Trolox). At 0, 3, 6 and 9 h, aliquots were assessed for(More)
Fe(2)(+)/ascorbate, hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)), and hypoxanthine/xanthine oxidase (XOD) are commonly used for inducing oxidative stress on spermatozoa. A comparative study of these agents was carried out on thawed spermatozoa from red deer. First, we tested a high, medium, and low concentration of each agent: 100, 10, and 1 microM Fe(2)(+) (hydroxyl(More)
Efforts to test sex ratio theory have focused mostly on females. However, when males possess traits that could enhance the reproductive success of sons, males would also benefit from the manipulation of the offspring sex ratio. We tested the prediction that more-fertile red deer males produce more sons. Our findings reveal that male fertility is positively(More)
The aims of this study were to assess the effects of the sex-sorting process on post-thaw sperm quality as well as on induced oxidative stress damage (H2 O2 0 mm = H000; H2 O2 50 mm = H050; H2 O2 100 mm = H100) and the protective action of reduced glutathione (GSH) and Trolox, when comparing sorted (BSS) and non-sorted (NS) red deer spermatozoa incubated at(More)
Single Layer Centrifugation is a useful technique to select sperm with good quality. The use of selection methods such as Androcoll could become an important tool to improve the quality of sperm samples and therefore to improve other artificial reproductive techniques such as sperm sex sorting, in vitro fertilization or AI. The aim of this study was to(More)
Assisted sperm morphometry analysis (ASMA) was used in this study to determine the effects of cryopreservation on bull spermatozoa distribution in morphometrically distinct subpopulations. Ejaculates were collected from five bulls and were divided. One portion was diluted at 30 degrees C in a skim milk-egg yolk medium, containing glycerol. A microscope(More)
The aim of this study was to assess the influence of prolonged cold storage of Iberian red deer epididymides on post-thaw sperm characteristics. Thirty-seven pairs of testes, with attached epididymides, were collected during November and December. Spermatozoa from one of each of the pairs were immediately recovered, evaluated and frozen (control group). The(More)
In this study, we have determined the effects of individual factor and thawing procedure on in vitro viability and in vivo fertility of frozen-thawed red deer epididymal spermatozoa. The spermatozoa that were collected from 13 Iberian deer stags were diluted at room temperature in a Triladyl-20% egg yolk medium and frozen in nitrogen vapors. In the first(More)