María Del Mar Fernández Fernández

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OBJECTIVES Although there is general agreement on the characteristic features of the acute respiratory distress syndrome, we lack a scoring system that predicts acute respiratory distress syndrome outcome with high probability. Our objective was to develop an outcome score that clinicians could easily calculate at the bedside to predict the risk of death of(More)
OBJECTIVES To analyse how rescuers tolerate the effort derived of giving uninterrupted chest compressions during 2min. MATERIALS AND METHODS Twenty-three healthy volunteers, nurses and doctors of the Intensive Care Unit (ICU), members of the hospital cardiac arrest team, were enrolled in the study. Using a training manikin, participants were asked to(More)
BACKGROUND Pain prevalence is high among elderly people, and equally prevalent in those with dementia. The aim of this study was to describe the use analgesics, as well as the cost of these treatments in old people with dementia. METHODS We used a cross-sectional design using 1186 cases registered by the Registry of Dementias of Girona from 2007 to 2008.(More)
Capacitive energy extraction based on double layer expansion (CDLE) is the name of a new method devised for extracting energy from the exchange of fresh and salty water in porous electrodes. It is based on the change of the capacitance of electrical double layers (EDLs) at the electrode/solution interface when the concentration of the bulk electrolyte(More)
Extramedullary plasmacytoma is a plasma cell malignancy that most commonly occurs in the upper respiratory tract. Plasmocytoma located in the lung is an unusual finding, and in such cases the disease may be confined to the lung and regional lymph nodes or may be disseminated. When only located in the lower respiratory tract (primary pulmonary plasmacytoma),(More)
Leiomyosarcoma is a cancer that can affect the soft tissues or organs. The standard treatment is complete tumor resection. Prognosis is difficult to predict and distant metastases can occur after a long disease-free period. Lung metastases are common but metastasis to the main bronchi with pulmonary atelectasis is very rare. We describe 2 cases of pulmonary(More)
It has been recently shown that the free energy change upon salinity mixing in river mouths can be harvested taking advantage of the fact that the capacitance of charged solid/liquid interfaces (electrical double layers, EDLs) depends strongly on the ionic composition of the liquid medium. This has led to a new generation of techniques called Capmix(More)
In this work we present a method for the production of clean, renewable electrical energy from the exchange of solutions with different salinities. Activated carbon films are coated with negatively or positively charged polyelectrolytes using well-established adsorption methods. When two oppositely charged coated films are placed in contact with an ionic(More)
In this work, we consider the extent to which the presence of multivalent ions in solution modifies the equilibrium and dynamics of the energy production in a capacitive cell built with ion-exchange membranes in contact with high surface area electrodes. The cell potential in open circuit (OCV) is controlled by the difference between both membrane(More)
All efforts to obtain, reuse or purify water are extremely significant for society. Recently, researchers have begun to delve in an idea born decades ago: the desalination of water using highly porous electrodes. It is based on a fundamental aspect of electrical double layers, namely, their huge capacitance. The ions of a solution can be partially removed(More)