María Del Carmen Avila-Casado

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We describe differences by sex in genotoxic damage found in a population of medical students exposed to a highly oxidative atmosphere, compared with a control group, measured by the single-cell gel electrophoresis assay and histological changes in nasal epithelium smears. Cells were obtained from the nasal epithelium and blood leukocytes. Higher DNA damage(More)
The human population in the industrialized world is constantly exposed to chemical mixtures of pollutants such as metals; information about the consequences of the interactions of these compounds on health is scarce. The current study examines the effects of the inhalation of lead (Pb), cadmium (Cd) and Pb-Cd mixture in mice models analyzing the metal(More)
Influence of sex on arachidonic acid metabolism, a pathway involved in the link between metabolic syndrome (MS) and renal damage, was studied in isolated perfused kidney. Metabolic syndrome was induced by feeding 30% sucrose solution for 24 weeks to intact and gonadectomized female (Ovx) and male (Cas) rats. Systolic blood pressure, albuminuria, as well as(More)
Nasal epithelium is a source for identifying atmospheric pollution impact. Antioxidants play a relevant role in the protection of the cells from environmental injury, but scarce information is available about the interaction of endogenous antioxidants and genotoxic damage in nasal epithelium from urban populations highly exposed to traffic-generated air(More)
BACKGROUND Primary collapsing glomerulopathy recurs postransplant, raising the possibility of circulating factors implicated in the pathogenesis of the disease. METHODS To determine the presence of circulating factors in collapsing glomerulopathy patients, we tested serum from those patients in an in vivo assay. Eleven groups of rats received serum from(More)
Low levels of chronic lead exposure can produce hypertension and endothelial dysfunction, which could be associated with oxidative stress, changes in vascular tone and an imbalance of endothelial-derived vasoconstriction and vasodilator factors. The aim was to investigate the effect of chronic lead-exposure on angiotensin II-induced vasoconstriction in(More)
Angiotensin (ANG) II can be associated with gene expression regulation. Thus we studied the possible role of ANG II in the regulation of AT(2) mRNA and protein expression. We utilized sham-operated renal ablation rats as well as renal ablation rats pretreated during the first 7 days of the development of renal damage with either the angiotensin-converting(More)
BACKGROUND Temporal restriction of food availability entrains circadian behavioral and physiological rhythms in mammals by resetting peripheral oscillators. This entrainment underlies the activity of a timing system, different from the suprachiasmatic nuclei (SCN), known as the food entrainable oscillator (FEO). So far, the precise anatomical location of(More)
Glucose uptake is increased in hypertension. Thus we investigated Na+-glucose cotransporter (SGLT2) activity and expression in proximal tubules from renovascular hypertensive rats. Sham-operated rats, aortic coarctation rats, and aortic coarctation rats treated with either ramipril (2.5 for 21 days) or losartan (10 for 21 days)(More)
BACKGROUND The best example of a chronic inflammatory respiratory disease is asthma, a disease which has an increasing prevalence worldwide. This chronic inflammation is also related to the generation of oxidative stress since the cells involved in the allergic reaction are capable of producing reactive oxygen species (ROS), and this might predispose(More)