María-Cristina Negri

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The evolution and spread of antibiotic resistance depends on the antibiotic pressure exerted in the microbial environment. Selective effects occur in selective compartments, where particular antibiotic concentrations result in a differential growth rate of resistant bacterial variants. This may happen even at very low antibiotic concentrations able to(More)
Despite the large number of in vitro mutations that increase resistance to extended-spectrum cephalosporins in TEM-type beta-lactamases, only a small number occur in naturally occurring enzymes. In nature, and particularly in the hospital, bacteria that contain beta-lactamases encounter simultaneous or consecutive selective pressure with different(More)
The biochemistry and genetics of antibiotic resistance are far better known than the equally important events underlying the selection of resistant populations. The hidden selection of low-level resistant variants may be a key process in the emergence of high-level antibiotic resistance. Different low-level resistant bacterial subpopulations may be(More)
A mixed culture of an hypermutable hexA Streptococcus pneumoniae mutant strain and its hexA(+) isogenic ancestor was challenged with low cefotaxime concentrations. Despite identical original cefotaxime MICs, the hexA mutant population was significantly selected at very low concentrations, and all of the tested selected variants harbored the Thr550-->Ala(More)
By directed mutagenesis, we constructed a set of seven TEM-1 derivatives containing single replacements in each one of the amino acids substituted in naturally occurring extended-spectrum TEM beta-lactamases. The exact contribution of each mutation to the resistance phenotype was determined. In addition, mutant enzyme production and stabilities were(More)
Therapeutic regimens containing beta-lactam antibiotics are selecting penicillin-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae populations all over the world. The selective pressure after 4 h of exposure to different concentrations of amoxicillin, cefixime, cefuroxime, and cefotaxime for low-level or high-level penicillin-resistant S. pneumoniae was evaluated in an in(More)
In this paper, the first robust experimental evidence of in vitro and in vivo concentration-dependent selection of low-level antibiotic-resistant genetic variants is described. The work is based on the study of an asymmetric competition assay with pairs of isogenic Escherichia coli strains, differing only (apart from a neutral chromosomal marker) in a(More)
The choice of appropriate antimicrobial agents should take into consideration not only the interests of the individual patient, but also the ecological impact of different drugs and their delivery schedules. Selection of antibiotic-resistant organisms is a key aspect to remember. Bacterial populations harboring determinants of antibiotic resistance will be(More)
The development of bacterial resistance to antibiotics is one of the best documented examples of contemporary biological evolution. Variability in the mechanisms of resistance depends on the diversity of genotypes in the huge bacterial populations, and also on the diversity of selective pressures that are produced along the antibiotic concentration(More)