María Cristina Machado Motta

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BACKGROUND Leishmania is the etiologic agent of leishmanisais, a protozoan disease whose pathogenic events are not well understood. Current therapy is suboptimal due to toxicity of the available therapeutic agents and the emergence of drug resistance. Compounding these problems is the increase in the number of cases of Leishmania-HIV coinfection, due to the(More)
Trypanosomatids of the genera Angomonas and Strigomonas live in a mutualistic association characterized by extensive metabolic cooperation with obligate endosymbiotic Betaproteobacteria. However, the role played by the symbiont has been more guessed by indirect means than evidenced. Symbiont-harboring trypanosomatids, in contrast to their counterparts(More)
A small number of trypanosomatids present bacterium endosymbionts in the cytoplasm, which divide synchronously with the host cell. Crithidia oncopleti, Crithidia deanei. Crithidia desouzai, Blastocrithidia culicis and Herpetomonas roitmani are the best characterized species. The endosymbiont is surrounded by two membranes separated from each other by an(More)
The trypanosomatid previously described as Crithidia roitmani is characterized here at the ultrastructural and biochemical levels. The data indicates that the parasite belongs to the Herpetomonas genus, and we therefore suggest the flagellate to be denominated as Herpetomonas roitmani n. comb. Cladistic analysis of isoenzyme data generated by eight(More)
Some protozoa of the Trypanosomatidae family harbor in their cytoplasm bacterial endosymbionts that provide essential nutrients to and induce morphological alterations in the protozoa. In the present study, a close association between endosymbionts and glycosomes, a peroxisome-like organelle where most of the enzymes of the glycolytic pathway are(More)
Endosymbiont-bearing trypanosomatids have been considered excellent models for the study of cell evolution because the host protozoan co-evolves with an intracellular bacterium in a mutualistic relationship. Such protozoa inhabit a single invertebrate host during their entire life cycle and exhibit special characteristics that group them in a particular(More)
The surface charge of Crithidia fasciculata and Crithidia luciliae was analysed by measurement of the zeta-potential and labelling of the protozoan surface with cationized ferritin particles. Both trypanosomatids have a net negative surface charge, with a zeta-potential of -10.39 mV and -11.12 mV for C. luciliae and C. fasciculata, respectively. Enzyme(More)
In this work we describe the ability of living Crithidia deanei to hydrolyze extracellular ATP. In intact cells at pH 7.2, a low level of ATP hydrolysis was observed in the absence of any divalent metal (0.41±0.13 nmol Pi h–1 107 cells–1). The ATP hydrolysis was stimulated by MgCl2 and the Mg2+-dependent ecto-ATPase activity was 4.05±0.17 nmol Pi h–1 107(More)
The present study demonstrates that the endosymbiont of Crithidia deanei influences the expression of surface gp63 molecules. Ultrastructural immunocytochemical analysis shows the presence of the gp63-like protein in the protozoan flagellum and flagellar pocket, either attached to shed membranes or in a free form. This molecule is(More)