María Cristina Damasco

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We studied the effect of adrenalectomy and acute hormone replacement, using physiological doses of natural corticosteroids, on the kinetics of the Na+/H+ exchanger in brush border membrane vesicles. We collected the data using the acridine orange uptake technique. Adrenalectomized (ADX) rats presented a decreased maximal rate (Vmax) when compared with(More)
Prior to this work, we found that adrenal as well as extra-adrenal factors activate the response of renal 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase 2 to stressful situations. These results -showing ways through which the organism hinders the pathological occupation of mineralocorticoid receptors by glucocorticoids leading to sodium retention and hypertension-(More)
Renal 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase 2 (HSD2) catalyzes the conversion of active glucocorticoids to inert 11beta-keto compounds, thereby preventing the illicit binding of these hormones to mineralocorticoid receptors (MRs) and, thus, conferring aldosterone specificity. Absence or inhibition of HSD2 activity, originates a hypertensive syndrome with(More)
The enzyme 11betaHSD2 protects the non-selective mineralocorticoid receptor from occupation by glucocorticoids in aldosterone target tissues. We studied the effect of stress elicited by intubation with a rubber catheter and administration of 10 ml of 0.45% NaCl (G3), of 10 ml of 200 mM HCl (G4) or intubation alone (G2) on the kinetics of the renal enzyme(More)
The role of amiloride-dependent sodium channels in the action of adrenal cortical steroids on urine-blood PCO2 (U-B PCO2) differences was studied in bicarbonate-infused and amiloride-treated adrenalectomized rats. U-B PCO2 was significantly reduced by amiloride in bicarbonate-infused control rats. Adrenalectomy further reduced U-B PCO2 in amiloride-treated,(More)
The effect of progesterone and six other C21-deoxysteroids on renal sodium retention by male adrenalectomized rats was compared with the effect exerted by the natural corticoids aldosterone, 11-deoxycorticosterone, and corticosterone. Steroids were active in the following order: aldosterone > 11,19-oxidoprogesterone > 5 alpha H-3,20-pregnanedione > or = 5(More)
The role of adrenocortical steroids in distal nephron acidification was studied in rats by measuring urine minus blood PCO2 differences (U-B PCO2) in control, sham-operated, and adrenalectomized (ADX) animals. Operations were performed 48 h before experiments. During the experiments, all rats received an infusion of 0.35-0.60 M NaHCO3, leading to urine(More)
The role of corticosteroid hormones in proximal tubular acidification was studied in control, sham-operated and adrenalectomized (ADX) rats by means of the stopped-flow microperfusion technique and by measurement of tubular acidification kinetics with pH microelectrodes. Rats were adrenalectomized 48 h before experiments, and aldosterone, corticosterone and(More)