María Cristina Damasco

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Prior to this work, we found that adrenal as well as extra-adrenal factors activate the response of renal 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase 2 to stressful situations. These results -showing ways through which the organism hinders the pathological occupation of mineralocorticoid receptors by glucocorticoids leading to sodium retention and hypertension-(More)
Stress activates the synthesis and secretion of catecholamines and adrenal glucocorticoids, increasing their circulating levels. In vivo, hepatic 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase 1 (HSD1) stimulates the shift of 11-dehydrocorticosterone to corticosterone, enhancing active glucocorticoids at tissue level. We studied the effect of 3 types of stress, 1(More)
The role of amiloride-dependent sodium channels in the action of adrenal cortical steroids on urine-blood PCO2 (U-B PCO2) differences was studied in bicarbonate-infused and amiloride-treated adrenalectomized rats. U-B PCO2 was significantly reduced by amiloride in bicarbonate-infused control rats. Adrenalectomy further reduced U-B PCO2 in amiloride-treated,(More)
The enzyme 11betaHSD2 protects the non-selective mineralocorticoid receptor from occupation by glucocorticoids in aldosterone target tissues. We studied the effect of stress elicited by intubation with a rubber catheter and administration of 10 ml of 0.45% NaCl (G3), of 10 ml of 200 mM HCl (G4) or intubation alone (G2) on the kinetics of the renal enzyme(More)
The effect of progesterone and six other C21-deoxysteroids on renal sodium retention by male adrenalectomized rats was compared with the effect exerted by the natural corticoids aldosterone, 11-deoxycorticosterone, and corticosterone. Steroids were active in the following order: aldosterone > 11,19-oxidoprogesterone > 5 alpha H-3,20-pregnanedione > or = 5(More)
The role of adrenocortical steroids in distal nephron acidification was studied in rats by measuring urine minus blood PCO2 differences (U-B PCO2) in control, sham-operated, and adrenalectomized (ADX) animals. Operations were performed 48 h before experiments. During the experiments, all rats received an infusion of 0.35-0.60 M NaHCO3, leading to urine(More)
We studied the effect of adrenalectomy and acute hormone replacement, using physiological doses of natural corticosteroids, on the kinetics of the Na+/H+ exchanger in brush border membrane vesicles. We collected the data using the acridine orange uptake technique. Adrenalectomized (ADX) rats presented a decreased maximal rate (Vmax) when compared with(More)
Aldosterone concentrations vary in advanced chronic renal failure (CRF). The isozyme 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase 2 (11beta-HSD2), which confers aldosterone specificity for mineralocorticoid receptors in distal tubules and collecting ducts, has been reported to be decreased or normal in patients with renal diseases. Our objective was to determine the(More)
Up to now, only glucocorticoids were thought to act on the renal proximal Na+/H+ exchanger. Using fluorimetric techniques we studied the kinetics of Na+/H+ exchange in brush border vesicles from ADX rats treated with increasing doses of corticosterone (B) and 18-hydroxycorticosterone (18OHB). Significant linear correlations were obtained when the Vmax of(More)