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OBJECTIVE Idiopathic osteoarthritis is the most common form of osteoarthritis (OA) world-wide and remains the leading cause of disability and the associated socio-economic burden in an increasing aging population. Traditionally, OA has been viewed as a degenerative joint disease characterized by progressive destruction of the articular cartilage and changes(More)
The role of DNA methylation in the regulation of catabolic genes such as MMP13 and IL1B, which have sparse CpG islands, is poorly understood in the context of musculoskeletal diseases. We report that demethylation of specific CpG sites at -110 bp and -299 bp of the proximal MMP13 and IL1B promoters, respectively, detected by in situ methylation analysis of(More)
OBJECTIVE Osteoarthritis (OA) is a degenerative rheumatic disease that is associated with extracellular matrix degradation and chondrocyte apoptosis in the articular cartilage. The role of mitochondria in degenerative diseases is widely recognized. We undertook this study to evaluate mitochondrial function in normal and OA chondrocytes and to examine(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate whether the abnormal expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) by osteoarthritic (OA) human chondrocytes is associated with changes in the DNA methylation status in the promoter and/or enhancer elements of iNOS. METHODS Expression of iNOS was quantified by quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction.(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the effect of nitric oxide (NO) on mitochondrial activity and its relation with the apoptosis of human articular chondrocytes. MATERIALS AND METHODS Mitochondrial function was evaluated by analysing respiratory chain enzyme complexes, citrate synthase (CS) activities, and mitochondrial membrane potential (Delta psi m). The(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the methylation profile of the nuclear factor (NF)-κB enhancer region at -5.8 kb of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and the subsequent role in the induction of osteoarthritis (OA) via cell cycle regulation. METHODS Percentage methylation was determined by pyrosequencing, gene expression by qRT-PCR and cell proliferation was(More)
INTRODUCTION The pathogenesis of osteoarthritis (OA) is characterized by the production of high amounts of nitric oxide (NO), as a consequence of up-regulation of chondrocyte-inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) induced by inflammatory cytokines. NO donors represent a powerful tool for studying the role of NO in the cartilage in vitro. There is no(More)
OBJECTIVES Suppressor of cytokine signalling (SOCS) proteins are inhibitors of cytokine signalling that function via the JAK/STAT pathway (Janus kinase/signal transducers and activators of transcription). Eight SOCS proteins, SOCS1-SOCS7 and CIS-1 (cytokine-inducible SH2-domain, with similar structure to the other SOCS proteins) have been identified, of(More)
INTRODUCTION DNA methylation is an epigenetic mechanism regulating gene expression that has been insufficiently studied in the blood of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients, as only T cells and total peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from patients with established RA have been studied and with conflicting results. METHOD Five major blood cell(More)
OBJECTIVES The intra-articular injection of hyaluronan (HA) was originally used in the treatment of osteoarthritis (OA) to increase the viscosity of synovial fluid. However, some findings suggest that the activity of HA cannot be solely explained by its biomechanical properties. The aim of this study was to analyze the in vitro biological effects of HA on(More)