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The objective of this study is to induce the nuclear DNA duplication of anther-derived embryos of cork oak (Quercus suber L.) to obtain doubled-haploid plants. Anther culture of this species produces a low percentage (7.78%) of spontaneous diploids, as assessed by flow cytometry. Therefore, three antimitotic agents, colchicine, oryzalin and(More)
A simple method is presented for the unreported genetic transformation of cork oak (Quercus suber L.). Pro-embryo masses (PEMs) were induced on immature zygotic embryos applied to medium supplemented with 2.3 μM 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid. The established PEMs were inoculated with Agrobacterium tumefaciens LBA4404/p35S GUS INT/pCAMBIA 1301 strain.(More)
Cork oak (Quercus suber) somatic embryos were coated with alginate for the production of synthetic seeds and their storability for commercialization was investigated. Also, the automatic monitoring of somatic embryo growth with a digital system of image capture was tested. A power regression model was fitted between size and fresh weight (Adjusted R-squared(More)
The occurrence and significance of changes in cell wall components and signalling molecules has been investigated during early microspore embryogenesis in cork oak (Quercus suber L.) in relation to cell proliferation and cell differentiation. Microspore embryogenesis has been induced in in vitro anther cultures of Q. suber by the application of a stress(More)
Microspore-derived embryos produced from cork oak anther cultures after long-term incubations (up to 10-12 months) were analysed in order to determine the genetic variability and ploidy level stability, as well as morphology, developmental pattern and cellular organisation. Most of the embryos from long-term anther cultures were haploid (90.7%),(More)
Quercus suber L., is a socially, economically and ecologically important forest species in rural areas of the Mediterranean basin. Fifty three elite-trees from nine stands of four provenance regions in the Community of Extremadura (Spain) were analysed with the aim to establish their DNA-fingerprinting and the genetic relationships among them. Two types of(More)
UNLABELLED Quercus suber L. is a forest tree with remarkable ecological, social and economic value in the southern Europe ecosystems. To circumvent the difficulties of breeding such long-lived species like Q. suber in a conventional fashion, clonal propagation of Q. suber elite trees can be carried out, although this process is sometimes unsuccessful. To(More)
The correlation between the phenologic stage of the inflorescence and the microspore development stage was studied. Cytological examinations of the development of microspores during in vitro anther culture of cork oak (Quercus suber L.), were carried out during the first four weeks of culture. To observe the division occurring in the microspores, anthers(More)
Somatic embryogenesis in cork oak (Quercus suber L.) is an efficient tool that allows the production of large number of embryos from selected quality and productive trees. Temporary immersion systems (TIS) are an alternative to semi-solid or liquid culture that combine the advantages of liquid culture and avoid the associated problems. Parameters that(More)
Three Quercus simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers were amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) from nuclear DNA extracts of trees and in vitro-induced haploid embryos from anther cultures of Quercus suber L. These markers were sufficiently polymorphic to identify 10 of 12 trees located in two Spanish natural areas. The same loci have been analyzed in(More)