María América Davis-López de Carrizosa

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Neurotrophins, as target-derived factors, are essential for neuronal survival during development, but during adulthood, their scope of actions widens to become also mediators of synaptic and morphological plasticity. Target disconnection by axotomy produces an initial synaptic stripping ensued by synaptic rearrangement upon target reinnervation. Using(More)
Chronic motor learning in the vestibuloocular reflex (VOR) results in changes in the gain of this reflex and in other eye movements intimately associated with VOR behavior, e.g., the velocity storage generated by optokinetic stimulation (OKN velocity storage). The aim of the present study was to identify the plastic sites responsible for the change in OKN(More)
Extraocular muscle tension associated with spontaneous eye movements has a pulse-slide-step profile similar to that of motoneuron firing rate. Existing models only relate motoneuron firing to eye position, velocity and acceleration. We measured and quantitatively compared lateral rectus muscle force and eye position with the firing of abducens motoneurons(More)
Palisade endings are nerve specializations found in the extraocular muscles (EOMs) of mammals, including primates. They have long been postulated to be proprioceptors. It was recently demonstrated that palisade endings are cholinergic and that in monkeys they originate from the EOM motor nuclei. Nevertheless, there is considerable difference of opinion(More)
Transplants of neural progenitor cells (NPCs) into the injured CNS have been proposed as a powerful tool for brain repair, but, to date, few studies on the physiological response of host neurons have been reported. Therefore, we explored the effects of NPC implants on the discharge characteristics and synaptology of axotomized abducens internuclear neurons,(More)
We describe the use of an implantable device for peripheral nerves that allows chronic simultaneous delivery of small volumes of solution, recording of both field and multiunit potentials, and electrical stimulation. This custom-made multifunctional device was attached to the cut end of the abducens (VIth) nerve for stimulation, recording and injection(More)
Neurotrophins play a principal role in neuronal survival and differentiation during development, but also in the maintenance of appropriate adult neuronal circuits and phenotypes. In the oculomotor system, we have demonstrated that neurotrophins are key regulators of developing and adult neuronal properties, but with peculiarities depending on each(More)
PURPOSE To test whether palisade endings are a general feature of mammalian extraocular muscles (EOMs). METHODS Thirteen species, some frontal-eyed (human, monkey, cat, and ferret), and others lateral-eyed (pig, sheep, calf, horse, rabbit, rat, mouse, gerbil, and guinea pig) were analyzed. Palisade endings were labeled by using different combinations of(More)
Target-derived neurotrophins exert powerful synaptotrophic actions in the adult brain and are involved in the regulation of different forms of synaptic plasticity. Target disconnection produces a profound synaptic stripping due to the lack of trophic support. Consequently, target reinnervation leads to synaptic remodeling and restoration of cellular(More)
Purpose To analyze in a frontal-eyed mammal (cat) the postnatal development of palisade endings in extraocular muscles (EOMs) and to compare the spatiotemporal and quantitative patterns of palisade endings among individual rectus muscles. Methods Cats of different ages ranging from birth to adult stage were studied. EOM whole-mount preparations were(More)