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We previously demonstrated that chronic treatment of rats with the mu-opioid receptor agonist sufentanil induced pharmacological tolerance associated with mu-opioid receptor desensitization and down-regulation. Administration of the calcium channel blocker nimodipine during chronic treatment with sufentanil prevented mu-opioid receptor down-regulation,(More)
The changes in cerebral dihydropyridine (DHP)-sensitive Ca++ channels (L-type) associated with tolerance and supersensitivity to the antinociceptive effect of the mu-opioid receptor agonist sufentanil were analyzed in rats. The tail-flick test was used to assess the nociceptive threshold. DHP binding and autoradiographic assays were performed with(More)
The aim of this study was to analyse the biochemical and behavioural consequences of chronic treatment with opioid receptor antagonists in rats. We have evaluated the respiratory depressant and antinociceptive effects of the mu-opioid agonist sufentanil, the density of brain mu-opioid receptors, and the expression of G-protein-coupled receptor kinases and(More)
We have examined the effects of acute or chronic morphine and naltrexone-precipitated withdrawal on mouse brain apoptotic cell death. The associated changes in the expression of apoptosis regulatory proteins were also analyzed. After a single dose of morphine, no apoptotic cells were detected by TUNEL or active caspase-3 immunocytochemistry. Concurrently, a(More)
BACKGROUND Left ventricular (LV) reverse remodelling after valve replacement in aortic stenosis (AS) has been classically linked to the hydraulic performance of the replacement device, but myocardial status at the time of surgery has received little attention. OBJECTIVE To establish predictors of LV mass (LVM) regression 1 year after valve replacement in(More)
We have analyzed by radiometric procedures in rat central nervous system the changes in the properties of mu-opioid receptors associated with tolerance and supersensitivity to the opioid agonist sufentanil. This study has used [3H]-[D-Ala2,MePhe4,Gly- (ol)5(2)]-enkephalin, a highly selective ligand, to label mu-opioid receptors in both membranes and tissue(More)
The study was aimed at elucidating the possible participation of L-type Ca2+ channel in the acute analgesic effect of an opiate and the development of tolerance to this action. Sufentanil, a selective mu agonist, and two dihydropyridines, the Ca2+ antagonist nimodipine and the Ca2+ agonist Bay K 8644, were selected. The tailflick test was used to assess the(More)
Several studies open up the possibility that chronic exposure to opioid drugs in the CNS would interfere with learning and memory through a neurotoxic effect related to activation of apoptotic pathways. Here, we have analyzed the effects of prolonged heroin administration on sensorimotor and cognitive performance in mice, as well as the associated changes(More)
BACKGROUND TGF-beta1 is involved in cardiac remodeling through an auto/paracrine mechanism. The contribution of TGF-beta1 from plasmatic source to pressure overload myocardial remodeling has not been analyzed. We investigated, in patients with valvular aortic stenosis (AS), and in mice subjected to transverse aortic arch constriction (TAC), whether plasma(More)
Morphine, naloxone and pentobarbital were applied to ventral chemosensitive areas (M and S) and nonchemosensitive areas (pyramids) of the medulla oblongata in anesthetized cats. The respiratory and cardiovascular responses were studied. Morphine and pentobarbital caused a rapid respiratory depression when they were applied for 10 min to the areas M and S;(More)