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Arterial spin labeling (ASL) is capable of noninvasively measuring blood flow by magnetically tagging the protons in arterial blood, which has been conventionally achieved using instantaneous (PASL) or continuous (CASL) RF pulses. As an intermediate method, pseudocontinuous ASL (pCASL) utilizes a train of discrete RF pulses to mimic continuous tagging that(More)
Arterial spin labeling (ASL) perfusion fMRI data differ in important respects from the more familiar blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) fMRI data and require specific processing strategies. In this paper, we examined several factors that may influence ASL data analysis, including data storage bit resolution, motion correction, preprocessing for cerebral(More)
Background static magnetic field gradients are a source of signal loss in gradient-echo imaging, as they typically result from discontinuity in the magnetic susceptibility at air-tissue boundaries. Moreover, these induced gradients severely compromise the measurement of R*(2), the effective transverse relaxation rate, which is of interest in many biomedical(More)
Pharmacological magnetic resonance imaging (phMRI) is increasingly being used in drug discovery and development to speed the translation from the laboratory to the clinic. The two primary methods in phMRI include blood-oxygen-level-dependent (BOLD) contrast and arterial spin-labeled (ASL) perfusion MRI. BOLD contrast has been widely applied in existing(More)
Monitoring of oxygen saturation in jugular venous blood gives an estimate of the balance of global oxygen delivery and cerebral oxygen consumption. We present a noninvasive approach to measure oxygen saturation in vivo in the internal jugular vein using MR susceptometry by exploiting the characteristic susceptibility of deoxyhemoglobin, and demonstrate the(More)
Alterations in cerebral perfusion and metabolism in Parkinson's disease have been assessed in several studies, using nuclear imaging techniques and more recently magnetic resonance imaging. However, to date there is no consensus in the literature regarding the extent and the magnitude of these alterations. In this work, arterial spin labeled perfusion MRI(More)
Modular structure is ubiquitous among real-world networks from related proteins to social groups. Here we analyze the modular organization of brain networks at a large scale (voxel level) extracted from functional magnetic resonance imaging signals. By using a random-walk-based method, we unveil the modularity of brain webs and show modules with a spatial(More)
BACKGROUND We aimed to analyze the diagnostic accuracy of an automated segmentation and quantification method of the SNc and locus coeruleus (LC) volumes based on neuromelanin (NM)-sensitive MRI (NM-MRI) in patients with idiopathic (iPD) and monogenic (iPD) Parkinson's disease (PD). METHODS Thirty-six patients (23 idiopathic and 13 monogenic PARKIN or(More)
Single shot 3D GRASE is less sensitive to field inhomogeneity and susceptibility effects than gradient echo based fast imaging sequences while preserving the acquisition speed. In this study, a continuous arterial spin labeling (CASL) pulse was added prior to the single shot 3D GRASE readout and quantitative perfusion measurements were carried out at 3 T,(More)
Quantitative magnetic resonance imaging (QMRI) allows measurement of two parameters that are related to the integrity of the trabecular bone: R2*, the rate constant of the free induction signal, and trabecular bone volume fraction (BVF), the counterpart of apparent density. In this work, R2* and BVF were measured in 68 women (mean age, 58.2 +/- 9.5 years)(More)