María Ángeles Villanúa

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The present study was designed to explore the relationship between the cannabinoid and opioid receptors in animal models of opioid-induced reinforcement. The acute administration of SR141716A, a selective central cannabinoid CB1 receptor antagonist, blocked heroin self-administration in rats, as well as morphine-induced place preference and morphine(More)
Marijuana and its cannabinoid constituents have profound effects on anterior pituitary hormone secretion. Exposure to delta 9-tetrahydrocannabinol inhibits gonadotropin, prolactin, growth hormone, and thyroid-stimulating hormone release and stimulates the release of corticotropin. Consequently, cannabinoid exposure could have profound effects on the(More)
Animal models have revealed that psychoactive cannabinoids induce both anxiolytic and anxiety-like reactions which are dose- and context-dependent. In the present study we examined the acute actions of the CB1 cannabinoid receptor antagonist SR 141716A in both the defensive withdrawal test and the elevated plus-maze in rats. Acute administration of SR(More)
Recent reports have provided evidence of a link between the endogenous brain cannabinoid system and the endogenous central opioid systems. Here we report that the selective CB1 receptor antagonist SR 141716A induced behavioral and endocrine alterations associated with opiate withdrawal in morphine-dependent animals in a dose-dependent manner and that(More)
Chronic arthritis induces hypermetabolism and cachexia. Ghrelin is a gastrointestinal hormone that has been proposed as a treatment to prevent cachexia. The aim of this work was to examine the effect of administration of the ghrelin agonist growth hormone-releasing peptide-2 (GHRP-2) to arthritic rats. Male Wistar rats were injected with Freund's adjuvant,(More)
CB1 cannabinoid receptors are located in hypothalamic nuclei and their activation alters several hypothalamic neurotransmitters resulting in, among other things, decreased prolactin (PRL) and luteinizing hormone (LH) secretion from the anterior pituitary gland. In the present study, we addressed two related objectives to further explore this complex(More)
Adjuvant arthritis is an animal model of rheumatoid arthritis that decreases liver and circulating IGF-I as well as skeletal muscle mass. The aim of this work was to elucidate whether IGF-I administration was able to prevent the effect of arthritis on body weight and on two skeletal muscles, gastrocnemius and soleus. On day 4 after adjuvant injection,(More)
Several reports have demonstrated that (-)-delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol (delta9-THC) and arachidonylethanolamide [anandamide (AEA)] were able to inhibit prolactin (PRL) secretion from the anterior pituitary gland in male rodents, whereas ovarian phase-dependent effects were seen in females. However, in most of these studies, the analysis of PRL levels was(More)
A selective inhibitor of the carrier-mediated transport of endogenous cannabinoids, N-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-arachidonylethanolamide (AM404), has been recently synthesized and proposed as a useful tool for studying the physiological effects of endogenous cannabinoids and as a potential therapeutic agent in a variety of diseases. In the present study, we have(More)
In the present study we have characterized the effects of the acute administration of the synthetic cannabinoid (-)-11-hydroxy-delta8-tetrahydrocannabinol-dimethylheptyl (HU-210, 4, 20 and 100 microg/kg), on the secretion of prolactin, growth hormone, luteinizing hormone, follicle-stimulating hormone, adrenocorticotropic hormone and corticosterone in adult(More)