María Ángeles Muñoz-Sánchez

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OBJECTIVES To check on the accuracy of a new protected blind brush (BB) inserted through an endotracheal tube to collect respiratory secretions to be used in the diagnosis of nosocomial pneumonia (NP) in ventilated patients. DESIGN Prospective study of patients who had undergone both BB and plugged telescoping catheter via fiberoptic bronchoscopy (PTC-FB)(More)
INTRODUCTION Higher and lower cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP) thresholds have been proposed to improve brain tissue oxygen pressure (PtiO2) and outcome. We study the distribution of hypoxic PtiO2 samples at different CPP thresholds, using prospective multimodality monitoring in patients with severe traumatic brain injury. METHODS This is a prospective(More)
Secondary brain insults predominantly due to hypotension are frequent among patients with fatal traumatic brain injury. We assessed the correlation between different systemic secondary brain insults and brain death in 404 patients admitted to our intensive care unit (ICU) after severe traumatic brain injury. We collated data on hypoxemia and hypotension(More)
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE To study the predictive capacity of early S100beta samples for long-term outcome prediction after severe TBI. METHODS AND PROCEDURES Eighty-seven patients with severe TBI were studied. Clinical and CT scan were taken at admission. S100beta concentration was quantified at admission and 24, 48 and 72 hours post-TBI (days 0, 1, 2 and 3).(More)
BACKGROUND The impact of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) on outcome seems to vary depending on the critically ill patients we analyze. Our objective, therefore, has been to evaluate the influence of VAP on the mortality and morbidity in patients with severe head injury (Glasgow Coma Scale score </= 8). METHODS A prospective, matched, case-control(More)
We have previously described that L-type Ca(2+) channels' (LTCCs) activation and metabotropic Ca(2+) release from the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) regulate RhoA/Rho kinase (ROCK) activity and sustained arterial contraction. We have investigated whether this signaling pathway can be altered in a new experimental model of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). For(More)
One of the main causes of secondary cerebral injury is cerebral hypoxia, basically of ischemic origin. However, cerebral tissue oxygenation depends on multiple physiological variables and cerebral hypoxia may be caused by an alteration of any one of them. Although several methods of continuous cerebral oxygenation monitoring of neurocritical patients have(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective was to determine whether the age of patients with mild head injury and skull fracture influences the level of risk for acute intracranial injuries. METHOD A study was conducted of 156 patients with skull fracture, 60 children (aged <14 years) and 96 adults, detected among 5,097 consecutive patients with mild head injury (Glasgow(More)
INTRODUCTION This study tested the hypothesis that S100β is a useful screening tool for detecting intracranial lesion (IL) in patients with a normal level of consciousness after traumatic brain injury (TBI). METHODS One hundred and forty-three post-TBI patients without a decrease in consciousness (GCS = 15) and with at least one neurological symptom (e.g.(More)