María Ángeles Esteban

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Anaesthesia may depress the immune system in mammals, but there is no available information on this topic in fish. In the present work, four anaesthetics that are used in aquaculture, MS222 (0 19 mM), benzocaine (0.21 mM), 2-phenoxyethanol (16 mM) and quinaldine sulphate (0.083 mM), were tested in order to observe their effects on the gilthead seabream(More)
The effects of the oral administration of heat-inactivated Lactobacillus delbrüeckii ssp. lactis and Bacillus subtilis, individually or combined, on gilthead seabream immune responses were investigated both systemically and locally in the gut. In a first experiment, seabream (65 g) were fed for 3 weeks different diets supplemented with 1 x 10(7)CFU(More)
The cytochemical characterization of head-kidney and peripheral blood leucocytes of gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata L.) was studied by light and electron microscopy. Neutrophilic granulocytes show some cytoplasmic granules, which are positive for alkaline phosphatase and peroxidase but acid phosphatase negative. The scarce granules found in the cytoplasm(More)
In this paper we optimize a flow cytometric method for evaluating the phagocytic activity of leucocytes in gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata L.) and characterize the phagocytic cells observed. Optimal conditions were established for the fluorescein-labelling and analysis of the bacterium Vibrio anguillarum by flow cytometry. Head-kidney leucocytes were(More)
Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are important mediators of the immune response against bacteria and hepcidin is a 20-25 residues member with known functions in iron regulation and the innate immune response. Most studies have focused on mammalian organisms but very little is known about other vertebrate groups including teleost fish. Thus, based on the(More)
Gilthead seabream specimens were subjected to an intense short-term crowding stress of 100 kg m(-3) for 2 h. After 0, 1, 2, 3 and 4 days, blood glucose and serum cortisol levels, serum complement activity, phagocytic and respiratory burst activities of head-kidney leucocytes, and the percentage of monocyte/ macrophages and granulocytes in head-kidney and(More)
Immunoglobulin M (IgM) is a major component of the teleost humoral immune system. Despite the significance of IgM levels as an immune parameter, there are relatively few studies on changes induced in its total levels in serum. This study examines the effects of several immunomodulators (vitamin A, chitin, yeast cells or levamisole, which act as(More)
The effects of oral administration of Lactobacillus delbrüeckii ssp. lactis and Bacillus subtilis, single or combined, on gilthead seabream cellular innate immune responses were investigated. Fish were fed four different diets: control (non-supplemented); or diet supplemented with 10(7) cfu g(-1)L. delbrüeckii ssp. lactis; 10(7) cfu g(-1)B. subtilis; or(More)
The effects of including lyophilised whole yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, in the diet on the seabream innate immune response were investigated. Gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata L.) specimens were fed four different diets for 4 weeks: a commercial diet as control and the same diet supplemented with 1, 5 or 10 g/kg yeast. After 1, 2 and 4 weeks, serum(More)
The potential effects of synthetic unmethylated oligodeoxynucleotides (ODN) containing CpG motifs, mimicking bacterial DNA, has never been evaluated on the immune response in the teleost fish gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata), the most important fish species in Mediterranean aquaculture. First, binding and competition studies have demonstrated that binding(More)