María Álvarez de Sotomayor

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Aging is an important risk factor for the development of many cardiovascular diseases as atherosclerosis and hypertension with a common underlying circumstance: the progressive decline of endothelial function. Vascular endothelial dysfunction occurs during the human aging process and is accompanied by deterioration in the balance between vasodilator and(More)
BACKGROUND Hydroxymethylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMGCoA) reductase inhibitors have beneficial effects beyond their cholesterol-lowering properties. The antioxidant mechanism of HMGCoA reductase inhibitors is not completely understood. OBJECTIVES To elucidate the antioxidant effect of simvastatin. METHODS We studied the influence of simvastatin treatment on(More)
This study was designed to test the hypothesis that fenofibrate, the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARalpha) activator, improves age-related endothelial dysfunction in small mesenteric arteries (SMA). Adult and aged rats were treated with fenofibrate and then endothelium-dependent relaxations of SMA; expressions of endothelial NO(More)
(1) The present study was aimed to characterize the effects of ageing on vascular contraction by noradrenaline in rat isolated arteries. The existence of vascular bed heterogeneity was investigated in endothelium-denuded conductance (aorta) and resistance (small mesenteric artery, SMA) arteries, with respect to Ca(2+) handling, Ca(2+) sensitization or(More)
1. Vascular effects of the 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitor, simvastatin, were studied in conductance (aorta) and resistance vessels (branch II or III of superior mesenteric artery, SMA) of the rat (12 - 14 weeks old). 2. Simvastatin produced relaxation of both aorta and SMA, with and without functional endothelium. These(More)
L-carnitine and propionyl-L-carnitine are supplements to therapy in cardiovascular pathologies. Their effect on endothelial dysfunction in hypertension was studied after treatment with either 200 mg/kg of L-carnitine or propionyl-L-carnitine during 8 weeks of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and normotensive Wistar Kyoto rats (WKY). Endothelial(More)
The potential health benefits of various dietary oils in relation to cardiovascular disease and cancer are recently receiving considerable attention. The main proposal of this study is to investigate the effect of dietary argan oil, obtained from seeds of Argania spinosa L. (Sapotaceae) endemic from Morocco, on serum lipids composition. Hyperlipidemia was(More)
Cecropia obtusifolia (Cecropiaceae) is a species from tropical America and its leaves are used in traditional medicine for the treatment of diabetes and as an anti-inflammatory agent. In the present study, the analgesic, anti-inflammatory and central nervous system depressant effects of the aqueous extract from the leaves of C. obtusifolia were investigated(More)
BACKGROUND The effect of treatment with either 200 mg x kg(-1) of L-carnitine (LC) or propionyl-L-carnitine (PLC) was studied on endothelial dysfunction of small mesenteric arteries (SMA) from spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and normotensive Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats. METHODS Systolic blood pressure (SBP) was measured and endothelial and vascular(More)
Blood pressure, plasma NO(2) and NO(3) level, heart weight index, antioxidant enzyme activity, and vascular reactivity in rat intact aortic rings were assessed to investigate the effects of 8-week treatment with the hydroxy-methyl-glutaryl coenzyme A reductase inhibitor simvastatin (1 mg/kg per day) on endothelial dysfunction induced by chronic(More)