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Aging is an important risk factor for the development of many cardiovascular diseases as atherosclerosis and hypertension with a common underlying circumstance: the progressive decline of endothelial function. Vascular endothelial dysfunction occurs during the human aging process and is accompanied by deterioration in the balance between vasodilator and(More)
The potential health benefits of various dietary oils in relation to cardiovascular disease and cancer are recently receiving considerable attention. The main proposal of this study is to investigate the effect of dietary argan oil, obtained from seeds of Argania spinosa L. (Sapotaceae) endemic from Morocco, on serum lipids composition. Hyperlipidemia was(More)
Traditionally hand-pressed argan oil, obtained from Argania spinosa seeds, is eaten raw in south-west Morocco; its rich composition of tocopherols, MUFA and PUFA make a study of its actions on risk factors for CVD, such as hypertension, interesting. The effects of 7 weeks of treatment with argan oil (10 ml/kg) on the blood pressure and endothelial function(More)
1. Vascular effects of the 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitor, simvastatin, were studied in conductance (aorta) and resistance vessels (branch II or III of superior mesenteric artery, SMA) of the rat (12 - 14 weeks old). 2. Simvastatin produced relaxation of both aorta and SMA, with and without functional endothelium. These(More)
The effect of adrenomedullin (AM), a peptide that has demonstrated vasodilatory activity, was studied in the colon and small mesenteric arteries of rats in a chronic model of inflammatory bowel disease. AM (50 ng/kg/day) was administered i.p. daily, starting 24h after trinitrobenzensulfonic acid (TNBS, 30 mg) instillation. After 14 days, rats were(More)
BACKGROUND The effect of treatment with either 200 mg x kg(-1) of L-carnitine (LC) or propionyl-L-carnitine (PLC) was studied on endothelial dysfunction of small mesenteric arteries (SMA) from spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and normotensive Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats. METHODS Systolic blood pressure (SBP) was measured and endothelial and vascular(More)
BACKGROUND Hydroxymethylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMGCoA) reductase inhibitors have beneficial effects beyond their cholesterol-lowering properties. The antioxidant mechanism of HMGCoA reductase inhibitors is not completely understood. OBJECTIVES To elucidate the antioxidant effect of simvastatin. METHODS We studied the influence of simvastatin treatment on(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Rice bran enzymatic extract (RBEE) has advantages compared to the original rice bran or its oils including water solubility, lack of rancidity and increased content in high nutritional proteins and nutraceutical compounds, particularly phytosterols, γ-oryzanol and tocols. Our aim was to determine the beneficial effects of RBEE in the(More)
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the vascular effects of an enzymatic extract of grape pomace (GP-EE) on isolated arteries, focusing our attention on endothelium-derived relaxation and on its antioxidant properties. Grape pomace derived from wine making was extracted by an enzymatic process and its composition of polyphenols was evaluated by(More)
This report is focused on the study of simvastatin-induced relaxation of rat aorta through its effects on vascular smooth muscle and Ca(2+) signalling. The presence of endothelium affected only the simvastatin-induced relaxation of aortic rings precontracted with noradrenaline, but not by depolarization with KCl 80 mM. Blockade of Ca(2+) entry through(More)