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Glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF)/Ret signaling has potent trophic effects on ventral midbrain dopaminergic, motor, sensory, and sympathetic neurons. The molecular mechanisms that restrict Ret receptor tyrosine kinase activation are not well understood. Here, we show that Lrig1, a transmembrane protein containing leucine-rich repeats and(More)
The aggregation of proteins into oligomers and amyloid fibrils is characteristic of several neurodegenerative diseases, including Parkinson disease (PD). In PD, the process of aggregation of α-synuclein (α-syn) from monomers, via oligomeric intermediates, into amyloid fibrils is considered the disease-causative toxic mechanism. We developed α-syn mutants(More)
The Arabidopsis thaliana copper chaperone (CCH) is a small copper binding protein involved in copper trafficking. When compared to homologues from other eukaryotes, CCH has two different domains; the conserved N-domain and the plant-exclusive C-domain, a C-terminal extension with an unusual amino-acid composition. In order to characterize this extra(More)
Ligand-mediated dimerization has emerged as a universal mechanism of growth factor receptor activation. Neurotrophins interact with dimers of the p75 neurotrophin receptor (p75(NTR)), but the mechanism of receptor activation has remained elusive. Here, we show that p75(NTR) forms disulphide-linked dimers independently of neurotrophin binding through the(More)
Virus-encoded movement proteins (MPs) mediate cell-to-cell spread of viral RNA through plant membranous intercellular connections, the plasmodesmata. The molecular pathway by which MPs interact with viral genomes and target plasmodesmata channels is largely unknown. The 9-kDa MP from carnation mottle carmovirus (CarMV) contains two potential transmembrane(More)
The subventricular zone (SVZ) of the anterolateral ventricle and the subgranular zone (SGZ) of the hippocampal dentate gyrus are the two main regions of the adult mammalian brain in which neurogenesis is maintained throughout life. Because alterations in adult neurogenesis appear to be a common hallmark of different neurodegenerative diseases, understanding(More)
Neurogenesis persists in the adult brain as a form of plasticity due to the existence of neural stem cells (NSCs). Alterations in neurogenesis have been found in transgenic Alzheimer's disease (AD) mouse models, but NSC activity and neurogenesis in sporadic AD models remains to be examined. We herein describe a remarkable increase in NSC proliferation in(More)
Biochemical and structural characterization studies on the p7 putative movement protein from a Spanish isolate of carnation mottle carmovirus (CarMV) have been conducted. The CarMV p7 gene was fused to a sequence coding for a six-histidine tag and expressed in bacteria, allowing the purification of CarMV p7 and the production of a specific antiserum. This(More)
The p75 neurotrophin receptor, a member of the tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily, is required as a co-receptor for the Nogo receptor (NgR) to mediate the activity of myelin-associated inhibitors such as Nogo, MAG, and OMgp. p45/NRH2/PLAIDD is a p75 homologue and contains a death domain (DD). Here we report that p45 markedly interferes with the(More)
Binding of coat protein (CP) to the 3' nontranslated region (3'-NTR) of viral RNAs is a crucial requirement to establish the infection of Alfamo- and Ilarviruses. In vitro binding properties of the Prunus necrotic ringspot ilarvirus (PNRSV) CP to the 3'-NTR of its genomic RNA using purified E. coli- expressed CP and different synthetic peptides(More)