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The plantarflexors of the lower limb are often assumed to act as independent actuators, but the validity of this assumption is the subject of considerable debate. This study aims to determine the degree to which passive changes in gastrocnemius muscle length, induced by knee motion, affect the tension in the adjacent soleus muscle. A second aim is to(More)
Comprehensive characterization of stress relaxation in musculotendinous structures is needed to create robust models of viscoelastic behavior. The commonly used quasi-linear viscoelastic (QLV) theory requires that the relaxation response be independent of tissue strain (length). This study aims to characterize stress relaxation in the musculotendinous and(More)
Few studies have been conducted on blood pressure monitors and their use at high altitude. This study is the first to evaluate the accuracy of an automatic blood pressure monitor in a high-altitude environment following a standard validation protocol. The Omron HEM-7201 upper arm blood pressure monitor was tested for accuracy in Lhasa, Tibet, China (3650 m(More)
BACKGROUND In rural areas in China and India, the cardiovascular disease burden is high but economic and healthcare resources are limited. This study (the Simplified Cardiovascular Management Study [SimCard]) aims to develop and evaluate a simplified cardiovascular management program delivered by community health workers with the aid of a smartphone-based(More)
Several studies have measured the elastic properties of a single human muscle-tendon unit in vivo. However the viscoelastic behavior of single human muscles has not been characterized. In this study, we adapted QLV theory to model the viscoelastic behavior of human gastrocnemius muscle-tendon units in vivo. We also determined the influence of(More)
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Lowering sodium intake with a reduced-sodium, added potassium salt substitute has been proved to lower blood pressure levels. Whether the same strategy will also reduce the risks of vascular outcomes is uncertain and controversial. The SSaSS has been designed to test whether sodium reduction achieved with a salt substitute can reduce the risk of vascular(More)
To get high precise low earth orbiter (LEO) satellite orbit from satellite-borne GPS data, the satellite-borne GPS carrier phase measurements must be used, but there are still remnant cycle-slips after GPS data pre-processing. Least Square is an optimal method to solve parameters if the residual obeys to normal distribution, but it is difficult to process(More)
BACKGROUND With rapidly expanding infrastructure in China, mobile technology has been deemed to have the potential to revolutionize health care delivery. There is particular promise for mobile health (mHealth) to positively influence health system reform and confront the new challenges of chronic diseases. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to(More)