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The Tibetan hulless barley (Hordeum vulgare L. var. nudum), also called "Qingke" in Chinese and "Ne" in Tibetan, is the staple food for Tibetans and an important livestock feed in the Tibetan Plateau. The diploid nature and adaptation to diverse environments of the highland give it unique resources for genetic research and crop improvement. Here we produced(More)
BACKGROUND Hulless barley is attracting increasing attention due to its unique nutritional value and potential health benefits. However, the molecular biology of the barley grain development and nutrient storage are not well understood. Furthermore, the genetic potential of hulless barley has not been fully tapped for breeding. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL(More)
Expression of the late embryogenesis abundant (LEA) gene is usually associated with plant response to dehydration. In this study, a drought-tolerant genotype was screened from 48 accessions of Tibetan hulless barley (Hordeum vulgare ssp. vulgare). By using virus-induced gene silencing, the influence of two LEA genes (HVA1 and Dhn6) on drought tolerance of(More)
One of the reasons for the progressive yield decline observed in cereals production is the rapid build-up of populations of the cereal cyst nematode (CCN, Heterodera avenae). These nematodes secrete so-call effectors into their host plant to suppress the plant defense responses, alter plant signaling pathways and then induce the formation of syncytium after(More)
The B-hordein gene family was analyzed from two Tibetan hull-less barley cultivars Z09 and Z26 (Hordeum vulgare subsp. vulgare). Fourteen B-hordein genes, designated BZ09-2 to BZ09-5 (from Z09) and BZ26-1 to BZ26-10 (from Z26), were sequenced. Seven of them, similar to a previously reported BZ09-1 from Z09, were predicted to encode putative active proteins(More)
Tryptophan decarboxylase (TDC), which catalyzes the conversion of Trp to tryptamine, provides a common backbone for many secondary metabolites, and is important in defending plants from abiotic stress such as pathogen infection and insect attack. In this study, we cloned two TDC genes, AeVTDC1 and AeVTDC2, from Ae. variabilis accession No. 1 with resistance(More)
BACKGROUND Heterosis is a phenomenon that first-generation offspring perform better than their parents. Conventional breeding methods have their shortcomings. It would be optimal to construct inducible male sterile plants. RESULTS We developed a novel system for creating male sterile transgenic plants by downregulating the specific expression of the(More)
Powdery mildew (Pm), caused by Blumeria graminis f. sp. tritici (Bgt), is one of the most serious diseases for common wheat in many regions around the world. Seeking for new resistance source is urgently required to meet the challenge of the rapid loss of resistance due to the co-evolution of the pathogen’s virulence. Wheat line 07jian126 (Triticum aestivum(More)
Granule-bound starch synthase I (GBSS I) plays an important role in the synthesis of amylose and in the determination of starch properties in barley grains. Genomic DNAs for the Waxy gene encoding GBSS I protein were sequenced from 34 barley accessions or lines from Qinghai-Tibet plateau in China, to identify Waxy gene nucleotide variations and study the(More)