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OBJECTIVES Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have shown an obvious protective effect on acute pancreatitis (AP). The purpose of the present study was to analyze the effect of bone marrow MSC-derived microvesicles (bmMSC-MVs) on AP and explore the underlying mechanisms. METHODS Bone marrow MSCs and bmMSC-MVs were isolated from Sprague-Dawley rats.(More)
Interleukin (IL)-17A is a proinflammatory cytokine, which has recently attracted much interest due to its pathogenic role in various inflammatory conditions such as ischemia/reperfusion injury, chronic inflammation, and autoimmune diseases, but the role of IL-17A in acute pancreatitis remains unclear. This study aimed to investigate the role of IL-17A in(More)
OBJECTIVE The interleukin (IL)-23/IL-17 axis plays an important role in various inflammatory conditions but its function in acute pancreatitis (AP) is not well understood. The present study investigated the relationship between serum levels of IL-23, IL-17, and C-reactive protein (CRP) in patients and the severity of AP. METHODS Eighty-five patients with(More)
This study analyzed IL-23p19 expression in inflamed mucosa of IBD and the role in the induction of IEL and NK cell activation as well as Th17 cell differentiation. Expression of IL-23p19 was performed by immunohistochemistry and quantitative real-time PCR. Expression of IL-23R was assessed by flow cytometry. Cytolytic activities of IEL and NK cells by IL-23(More)
OBJECTIVE MicroRNA (miR)-301a is known to be involved in the tumourigenesis and pathogenesis of several autoimmune diseases, but it remains unclear whether miR-301a is associated with the pathogenesis of IBD. METHODS miR-301a expression was assessed in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) and inflamed mucosa of patients with IBD by quantitative(More)
OBJECTIVES The goal of this study is to evaluate the role of C-reactive protein (CRP) in predicting the severity of hyperlipidemic acute pancreatitis (HLAP) compared with non-HLAP (NHLAP). METHODS A total of 1073 episodes of acute pancreatitis between July 2009 and June 2013 were retrospectively studied. The clinical characteristics and laboratory data of(More)
OBJECTIVE Multidetector spiral computed tomography enterography (MSCTE) and ileocolonoscopy are used in evaluating inflammatory situation of Crohn's disease (CD) patients. The purpose of this study was to determine the disease severity of CD patients by combining the intestinal wall thickness by MSCTE with ileocolonoscopy. MATERIAL AND METHODS This(More)
This study aimed to investigate the effects of astragaloside IV (AS-IV; 3-O-β-D-xylopyranosyl-6-O‑β-D-glucopyranosylcycloastragenol), which has been reported to have comprehensive pharmacological functions, on sodium taurocholate (NaTc)/L-arginine (L-Arg)-induced acute pancreatitis (AP) in rats in vivo and in rat pancreatic acinar cells in vitro.(More)
Inflammation triggered by necrotic acinar cells contributes to the pathophysiology of acute pancreatitis (AP), but its precise mechanism remains unclear. Recent studies have shown that Cyclophilin A (CypA) released from necrotic cells is involved in the pathogenesis of several inflammatory diseases. We therefore investigated the role of CypA in experimental(More)
In the periphery of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC), high accumulation of tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs), which exhibit M2 phenotype, has been shown to be correlated with extra-pancreatic invasion, lymph vessel invasion, lymph node involvement and shortened survival time. However, mechanisms by which tumor cells educate and reprogram TAMs(More)