Mao-Sheng Hwang

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BACKGROUND Enterovirus 71 (EV71) can sometimes cause fatal or disabling diseases in children; therefore EV71-infected children with cardiopulmonary failure were investigated at Chang Gung Children's Hospital to discover the prognostic predictors. METHODS We investigated 27 EV71-infected children with cardiopulmonary failure from May 2000 to September 2001(More)
BACKGROUND Balloon angioplasty (BA) is an alternative to surgical repair for coarctation of the aorta (CoA) in children. However, its role in the treatment of native CoA in neonates and infants remains controversial. The purpose of this study was to report the midterm outcomes of BA for native CoA in neonates and infants with congestive heart failure (CHF).(More)
Diaphragmatic paralysis is a recognized complication after pediatric cardiac surgery. It is universally acknowledged that direct phrenic nerve injury during surgery is the etiology. However, we experienced two unusual cases of diaphragmatic paralysis following malposition of chest tube placement after pediatric cardiac surgery. The malposition of too deeply(More)
UNLABELLED Asplenia syndrome is one of the heterotaxy syndromes, which many familial and animal studies suggest are caused by the loss of adequate genetic control of normal left-right asymmetry development. Moreover, there has not been any environmental factor documented to cause these syndromes. Asplenia syndrome occurring in a pair of monozygotic twins is(More)
BACKGROUND The purposes of this study were to characterize the symptoms and signs of children with myocarditis at the time of presentation to the hospital and to identify the predictors of death. METHODS This was a 5-year retrospective study in a tertiary hospital. We collected demographic data and clinical symptoms and signs when children with(More)
Mitochondrial diseases are a group of disorders caused by pathologic dysfunction of the mitochondrial respiratory chain that present with a wide range of clinical expression. Cardiorespiratory complications have previously been described in association with mitochondrial disease; however, pulmonary hypertension has rarely been reported. Pulmonary(More)
BACKGROUND Protein-losing enteropathy (PLE) is a serious complication of a Fontan operation and has a very high mortality rate. The purpose of this study was to investigate the incidence, clinical manifestations, diagnostic approaches, laboratory findings, therapeutic modalities and outcome of patients with PLE at our institution. METHODS The diagnosis of(More)
Coarctation of the aorta commonly presents in infancy as congestive heart failure, or later in childhood as hypertension or as a heart murmur. However, we experienced a unique infant case of isolated coarctation presenting with acute decompensation of a dilated cardiomyopathy, which recovered completely 8 months postoperatively. Our report highlights the(More)
Truncus arteriosus, a double aortic arch, and a cervical aortic arch are all rare cardiovascular anomalies. We experienced a unique female newborn with the rare combination of truncus arteriosus with a cervical double aortic arch, which probably resulted from abnormal persistence of the bilateral 2nd or 3rd rather than the 4th embryonic aortic arches and(More)