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The functional diversity of large conductance Ca(2+)- and voltage-dependent K(+) (BK) channels arises mainly from co-assembly of the pore-forming mSlo alpha subunits with four tissue-enriched auxiliary beta subunits. The structural basis of the interaction between alpha subunits with beta subunits is not well understood. Using computational and experimental(More)
UNC-31 or its mammalian homologue, Ca(2+)-dependent activator protein for secretion (CAPS), is indispensable for exocytosis of dense core vesicle (DCV) and synaptic vesicle (SV). From N- to the C-terminus, UNC-31 contains putative functional domains, including dynactin 1 binding domain (DBD), C2, PH, (M)UNC-13 homology domain (MHD) and DCV binding domain(More)
The four R-spondin (Rspo) proteins are secreted agonists of Wnt signalling in vertebrates, functioning in embryogenesis and adult stem cell biology. Through ubiquitination and degradation of Wnt receptors, the transmembrane E3 ubiquitin ligase ZNRF3 and related RNF43 antagonize Wnt signalling. Rspo ligands have been reported to inhibit the ligase activity(More)
Synaptotagmins (Syts) are calcium-binding proteins which are conserved from nematodes to humans. Fifteen Syts have been identified in mammalian species. Syt I is recognized as a Ca(2+) sensor for the synchronized release of synaptic vesicles in some types of neurons, but its role in the secretion of dense core vesicles (DCVs) remains unclear. The function(More)
UBIAD1 plays critical roles in physiology including vitamin K and CoQ10 biosynthesis as well as pathophysiology including dyslipimedia-induced SCD (Schnyder's corneal dystrophy), Parkinson's disease, cardiovascular disease and bladder carcinoma. Since the subcellular localization of UBIAD1 varies in different cell types, characterization of the exact(More)
The auxiliary beta subunits of large-conductance Ca(2+)-activated K(+) (BK) channels greatly contribute to the diversity of BK (mSlo1 alpha) channels, which is fundamental to the adequate function in many tissues. Here we describe a functional element of the extracellular segment of hbeta2 auxiliary subunits that acts as the positively charged rings to(More)
Large conductance, voltage- and Ca2+-activated K+ (BK) channels encoded by the mslo alpha and beta2 subunits exist abundantly in rat chromaffin cells, pancreatic beta cells, and DRG neurons. The extracellular loop of hbeta2 acting as the channel regulator influences the rectification and toxin sensitivity of BK channels, and the inactivation domain at its N(More)
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