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UNC-31 or its mammalian homologue, Ca(2+)-dependent activator protein for secretion (CAPS), is indispensable for exocytosis of dense core vesicle (DCV) and synaptic vesicle (SV). From N- to the C-terminus, UNC-31 contains putative functional domains, including dynactin 1 binding domain (DBD), C2, PH, (M)UNC-13 homology domain (MHD) and DCV binding domain(More)
Synaptotagmins (Syts) are calcium-binding proteins which are conserved from nematodes to humans. Fifteen Syts have been identified in mammalian species. Syt I is recognized as a Ca(2+) sensor for the synchronized release of synaptic vesicles in some types of neurons, but its role in the secretion of dense core vesicles (DCVs) remains unclear. The function(More)
Fluorescent timers are useful tools for studying the spatial and temporal cellular or molecular events. Based on the trans-splicing mechanism in Caenorhabditis elegans, we constructed a "fluorescent timer" through bicistronic expression of two fluorescent proteins with different maturation times. When used in vivo, this "timer" changes its color over time(More)
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