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BACKGROUND We investigated the potential contributions of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) on the incidence of acute myocardial rupture and subsequent chronic cardiac dysfunction after myocardial infarction (MI) in TNF knockout (TNF-/-) mice compared with C57/BL wild-type (WT) mice. METHODS AND RESULTS Animals were randomized to left anterior(More)
Chromatin remodeling, particularly histone acetylation, plays a critical role in the progression of pathological cardiac hypertrophy and heart failure. We hypothesized that curcumin, a natural polyphenolic compound abundant in the spice turmeric and a known suppressor of histone acetylation, would suppress cardiac hypertrophy through the disruption of p300(More)
AIMS Cathepsin-L (CTSL) is a member of the lysozomal cysteine protease family, which participates in remodelling of various tissues. Herein, we sought to examine the potential regulation of CTSL in cardiac remodelling post-infarction. METHODS AND RESULTS Experimental myocardial infarction (MI) was created in CTSL-deficient (Ctsl(-/-)) mice (B6 × FSB/GnEi(More)
Apelin constitutes a novel endogenous peptide system suggested to be involved in a broad range of physiological functions, including cardiovascular function, heart development, control of fluid homeostasis, and obesity. Apelin is also a catalytic substrate for angiotensin-converting enzyme 2, the key severe acute respiratory syndrome receptor. The in vivo(More)
BACKGROUND The innate immune system greatly contributes to the inflammatory process after myocardial infarction (MI). Interleukin-1 receptor-associated kinase-4 (IRAK-4), downstream of Toll/interleukin-1 receptor signaling, has an essential role in regulating the innate immune response. The present study was designed to determine the mechanism by which(More)
Gelsolin, a calcium-regulated actin severing and capping protein, is highly expressed in murine and human hearts after myocardial infarction and is associated with progression of heart failure in humans. The biological role of gelsolin in cardiac remodeling and heart failure progression after injury is not defined. To elucidate the contribution of gelsolin(More)
BACKGROUND Myeloid differentiation factor (MyD)-88 is a key adaptor protein that plays a major role in the innate immune pathway. How MyD88 may regulate host response in inflammatory heart disease is unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS We found that the cardiac protein level of MyD88 was significantly increased in the hearts of wild-type mice after exposure to(More)
BACKGROUND Pressure overload is accompanied by cardiac myocyte apoptosis, hypertrophy, and inflammatory/fibrogenic responses that lead to ventricular remodeling and heart failure. Despite incomplete understanding of how this process is regulated, the upregulation of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha after aortic banding in the myocardium is known. In the(More)
Inappropriate cardiac remodeling and repair after myocardial infarction (MI) predisposes to heart failure. Studies have reported on the potential for lineage negative, steel factor positive (c-kit+) bone marrow-derived hematopoetic stem/progenitor cells (HSPCs) to repair damaged myocardium through neovascularization and myogenesis. However, the precise(More)
Interferon regulatory factor (IRF) 3, a member of the highly conserved IRF family transcription factors, plays a pivotal role in innate immune response, apoptosis, and oncogenesis. Recent studies have implicated IRF3 in a wide range of host defense. However, whether IRF3 induces defensive responses to hypertrophic stresses such as biomechanical stress and(More)