Learn More
Chromatin remodeling, particularly histone acetylation, plays a critical role in the progression of pathological cardiac hypertrophy and heart failure. We hypothesized that curcumin, a natural polyphenolic compound abundant in the spice turmeric and a known suppressor of histone acetylation, would suppress cardiac hypertrophy through the disruption of p300(More)
BACKGROUND We investigated the potential contributions of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) on the incidence of acute myocardial rupture and subsequent chronic cardiac dysfunction after myocardial infarction (MI) in TNF knockout (TNF-/-) mice compared with C57/BL wild-type (WT) mice. METHODS AND RESULTS Animals were randomized to left anterior(More)
AIMS Cathepsin-L (CTSL) is a member of the lysozomal cysteine protease family, which participates in remodelling of various tissues. Herein, we sought to examine the potential regulation of CTSL in cardiac remodelling post-infarction. METHODS AND RESULTS Experimental myocardial infarction (MI) was created in CTSL-deficient (Ctsl(-/-)) mice (B6 × FSB/GnEi(More)
OBJECTIVE Normothermic ex vivo lung perfusion is a novel method to evaluate and improve the function of injured donor lungs. We reviewed our experience with 50 consecutive transplants after ex vivo lung perfusion. METHODS A retrospective study using prospectively collected data was performed. High-risk brain death donor lungs (defined as Pao(2)/Fio(2)(More)
Interferon regulatory factor (IRF) 3, a member of the highly conserved IRF family transcription factors, plays a pivotal role in innate immune response, apoptosis, and oncogenesis. Recent studies have implicated IRF3 in a wide range of host defense. However, whether IRF3 induces defensive responses to hypertrophic stresses such as biomechanical stress and(More)
Cellular FLICE-inhibitory protein (cFLIP) is a member of the tumour necrosis factor signalling pathway and a regulator of apoptosis, and it has a role in cardiac remodelling following myocardial infarction (MI) that remains largely uncharacterised. This study aimed to determine the function of cFLIP as a potential mediator of post-infarction cardiac(More)
Inappropriate cardiac remodeling and repair after myocardial infarction (MI) predisposes to heart failure. Studies have reported on the potential for lineage negative, steel factor positive (c-kit+) bone marrow-derived hematopoetic stem/progenitor cells (HSPCs) to repair damaged myocardium through neovascularization and myogenesis. However, the precise(More)
BACKGROUND Myeloid differentiation factor (MyD)-88 is a key adaptor protein that plays a major role in the innate immune pathway. How MyD88 may regulate host response in inflammatory heart disease is unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS We found that the cardiac protein level of MyD88 was significantly increased in the hearts of wild-type mice after exposure to(More)
BACKGROUND Pressure overload is accompanied by cardiac myocyte apoptosis, hypertrophy, and inflammatory/fibrogenic responses that lead to ventricular remodeling and heart failure. Despite incomplete understanding of how this process is regulated, the upregulation of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha after aortic banding in the myocardium is known. In the(More)
  • Guo Hua Li, Yu Shi, +14 authors Peter Liu
  • 2009
Gelsolin, a calcium-regulated actin severing and capping protein, is highly expressed in murine and human hearts after myocardial infarction and is associated with progression of heart failure in humans. The biological role of gelsolin in cardiac remodeling and heart failure progression after injury is not defined. To elucidate the contribution of gelsolin(More)