Manveen Kaur Gupta

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Cardiac myocytes, upon exposure to increasing doses of norepinephrine (NE), transit from hypertrophic to apoptotic phenotype. Since reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation is attributed to both phenomena, the authors tested whether an elevation in intracellular ROS level causes such transition. H9c2 cardiac myoblasts upon treatment with hypertrophic and(More)
Hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1 activation in response to hypoxia requires mitochondrial generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). In contrast, the requirement of ROS for HIF-1 activation by growth factors like insulin remains unexplored. To explore that, insulin-sensitive hepatic cell HepG2 or cardiac muscle cell H9c2 cells were pretreated with NADPH(More)
Phosphoinositide 3-kinase γ (PI3Kγ) is activated by G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs). We show here that PI3Kγ inhibits protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) at the β-adrenergic receptor (βAR, a GPCR) complex altering G protein coupling. PI3Kγ inhibition results in significant increase of βAR-associated phosphatase activity leading to receptor dephosphorylation(More)
The role of α(1)-adrenergic receptors (α(1)ARs) in cognition and mood is controversial, probably as a result of past use of nonselective agents. α(1A)AR activation was recently shown to increase neurogenesis, which is linked to cognition and mood. We studied the effects of long-term α(1A)AR stimulation using transgenic mice engineered to express a(More)
The understanding of the function of alpha(1)-adrenergic receptors in the brain has been limited due to a lack of specific ligands and antibodies. We circumvented this problem by using transgenic mice engineered to overexpress either wild-type receptor tagged with enhanced green fluorescent protein or constitutively active mutant alpha(1)-adrenergic(More)
High fidelity genome-wide expression analysis has strengthened the idea that microRNA (miRNA) signatures in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) can be potentially used to predict the pathology when anatomical samples are inaccessible like the heart. PBMCs from 48 non-failing controls and 44 patients with relatively stable chronic heart failure(More)
The study of autoimmune thyroid disorders (AITD) has greatly contributed to our knowledge of autoimmunity. Graves' disease and Hashimoto's thyroiditis represent two ends of the range of autoimmune responses seen in AITD. Autoantibodies reactive to cytoplasmic antigens are associated with cell damage, and thyrotropin (TSH)-receptor antibodies (TRAb)(More)
The understanding of the function of 1-adrenergic receptors in the brain has been limited due to a lack of specific ligands and antibodies. We circumvented this problem by using transgenic mice engineered to overexpress either wild-type receptor tagged with enhanced green fluorescent protein or constitutively active mutant 1-adrenergic receptor subtypes in(More)
G-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs) are seven transmembrane receptors that are pivotal regulators of cellular responses including vision, cardiac contractility, olfaction, and platelet activation. GPCRs have been a major target for drug discovery due to their role in regulating a broad range of physiological and pathological responses. GPCRs mediate these(More)
β2-adrenergic receptor (β2AR) agonists (β2-agonist) are the most commonly used therapy for acute relief in asthma, but chronic use of these bronchodilators paradoxically exacerbates airway hyper-responsiveness. Activation of βARs by β-agonist leads to desensitization (inactivation) by phosphorylation through G-protein coupled receptor kinases (GRKs) which(More)