Manujendra Ray

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M1 activation of macrophages promotes inflammation and immunity to intracellular pathogens, whereas M2 macrophage activation promotes resolution of inflammation, wound healing, and tumor growth. These divergent phenotypes are characterized, in part, by the expression of inducible NO synthase and arginase I (Arg1) in M1 versus M2 activated macrophages,(More)
Thermoanaerobacter ethanolicus is a gram-positive thermophile that produces considerable amounts of ethanol from soluble sugars and polymeric substrates, including starch. Growth on maltose, a product of starch hydrolysis, was associated with the production of a prominent membrane-associated protein that had an apparent molecular weight of 43,800 and was(More)
The RON receptor tyrosine kinase regulates the balance between classical (M1) and alternative (M2) macrophage activation. In primary macrophages, the ligand for Ron, macrophage-stimulating protein (MSP), inhibits the expression of inducible NO synthase, a marker of classically activated macrophages, whereas promoting the expression of arginase I, a marker(More)
Receptor tyrosine kinases are emerging as a class of key regulators of innate immune responses. We have shown previously that the RON receptor tyrosine kinases (murine Stk), expressed on tissue-resident macrophages, inhibit classical macrophage activation while promoting hallmarks of alternative activation, thus regulating the critical balance between the(More)
IL-12, produced by APCs during the initial stages of an immune response, plays a pivotal role in the induction of IFN-gamma by NK and gammadeltaT cells and in driving the differentiation of Th1 cells, thus providing a critical link between innate and acquired immunity. Due to the unique position occupied by IL-12 in the regulation of immunity, many(More)
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