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BACKGROUND On-therapy impedance-pH monitoring in proton pump inhibitor (PPI)-refractory gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) yielded conflicting results. We aimed to assess the diagnostic value of postreflux swallow-induced peristaltic wave (PSPW) index and mean nocturnal baseline impedance (MNBI) in PPI-refractory heartburn. METHODS On-therapy(More)
The aim of the study was to characterise gastro-oesophageal reflux (GOR) in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). 40 consecutive IPF patients underwent pulmonary high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) scan and impedance-pH monitoring while off antisecretory therapy. The presence of pulmonary fibrosis was assessed using validated HRCT scores. Reflux(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Esophageal impedance measurements have been proposed to indicate the status of the esophageal mucosa, and might be used to study the roles of the impaired mucosal integrity and increased acid sensitivity in patients with heartburn. We compared baseline impedance levels among patients with heartburn who did and did not respond to proton(More)
BACKGROUND High-resolution manometry (HRM) provides information on esophagogastric junction (EGJ) morphology, distinguishing three different subtypes. Data on the correlation between EGJ subtypes and impedance-pH detected reflux patterns are lacking. We aimed to correlate the EGJ subtypes with impedance-pH findings in patients with reflux symptoms. (More)
BACKGROUND A short-course of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) is often used to confirm gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). However, some patients with PPI responsive heartburn do not seem to have evidence of GERD on impedance-pH monitoring (MII-pH). The aim of the study was to evaluate patients with reflux symptoms and a negative endoscopy, who well(More)
Hypersensitive esophagus (HE) is defined by endoscopy-negative heartburn with a normal acid exposure time but positive symptom association probability (SAP) and/or symptom index (SI) on impedance–pH monitoring, and proton pump inhibitor (PPI) responsiveness. Functional heartburn (FH) is distinguished by negative SAP/SI and PPI refractoriness. The clinical(More)
BACKGROUND Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GERD) may contribute to the onset of chronic cough (CC); however, the multichannel intraluminal impedance-pH (MII-pH) monitoring is often within the normal range and the response to proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) unsatisfactory. The measure of impedance baseline (IB) increases the sensitivity of MII-pH in(More)
BACKGROUND Oesophageal clearance has been scarcely studied. AIMS Oesophageal clearance in endoscopy-negative heartburn was assessed to detect differences in bolus clearance time among patients sub-grouped according to impedance-pH findings. METHODS In 118 consecutive endoscopy-negative heartburn patients impedance-pH monitoring was performed(More)
BACKGROUND Abnormal intestinal clearance is involved in the pathogenesis of small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO). It is known that partially hydrolysed guar gum affects intestinal motility. Eradication therapy of SIBO is based on antibiotic treatment: no data are available on the role of fibre supplementation in eradicating SIBO. AIM To assess(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Modifications of intestinal gas due to changes in microbiota may produce different symptoms. Our aim was to assess whether different patterns of hydrogen (H₂) and methane (CH₄) excretion were related to some intestinal disturbances. METHODS Six hundred and twenty-nine consecutive patients underwent a 50 g-glucose breath test (GBT) on(More)