Manuela Wissler

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We have previously shown correction of X-linked severe combined immunodeficiency [SCID-X1, also known as gamma chain (gamma(c)) deficiency] in 9 out of 10 patients by retrovirus-mediated gamma(c) gene transfer into autologous CD34 bone marrow cells. However, almost 3 years after gene therapy, uncontrolled exponential clonal proliferation of mature T cells(More)
Signal transduction pathways enable extracellular signals to activate latent transcription factors in the cytoplasm of cells. Dimerization, nuclear localization and binding to specific DNA sequences result in the induction of gene transcription by these proteins. These events are necessary for the functioning of the JAK/STAT pathway and of the(More)
Stat5 was discovered as a PRL-induced member of the Stat (signal transducer and activator of transcription) family. Its induction by many other cytokines and interleukins suggests that Stat5 plays a crucial role not only in mammary epithelial, but also in hematopoietic cells. Cell type- and promoter-specific functions of Stat5 are most likely modulated by(More)
By identifying the sequence of retro- and lentiviral integration sites in peripheral blood leukocytes, the clonal composition and fate of genetically modified hematopoietic progenitor and stem cells could be mapped in vitro and in vivo. Previously available methods have been limited to the analysis of mono- or oligoclonal integration sites present in high(More)
The pathways which connect extracellular signals with the regulation of the activity of transcription factors are being investigated in molecular detail. Extensive progress has been made in the description of the mode of action of steroid hormones and of cytokines. Steroid hormones associate intracellularly with latent receptor molecules, cause the(More)
Prolactin and glucocorticoid hormone are signals which regulate the transcription of milk protein genes in mammary epithelial cells. We have investigated the molecular mechanisms by which these hormones cooperate in the induction of transcription. Both hormones activate latent transcription factors in the cytoplasm of mammary epithelial cells. Prolactin(More)
Recent reports have challenged the notion that retroviruses and retroviral vectors integrate randomly into the host genome. These reports pointed to a strong bias toward integration in and near gene coding regions and, for gammaretroviral vectors, around transcription start sites. Here, we report the results obtained from a large-scale mapping of 572(More)
Activation of p53 by DNA damage results in either cell-cycle arrest, allowing DNA repair and cell survival, or induction of apoptosis. As these opposite outcomes are both mediated by p53 stabilization, additional mechanisms to determine this decision must exist. Here, we show that glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK-3) is required for the p53-mediated induction(More)
Immune function has been restored in 9 of 10 children with X-linked severe combined immunodeficiency by gamma c gene transfer in CD34+ cells. The distribution of both T-cell receptor (TCR) V beta family usage and TCR V beta complementarity-determining region 3 (CDR3) length revealed a broadly diversified T-cell repertoire. Retroviral integration site(More)
We treated 10 children with X-linked SCID (SCID-X1) using gammaretrovirus-mediated gene transfer. Those with sufficient follow-up were found to have recovered substantial immunity in the absence of any serious adverse events up to 5 years after treatment. To determine the influence of vector integration on lymphoid reconstitution, we compared retroviral(More)