Manuela Scholze

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The Mediator complex is commonly seen as a molecular bridge that connects DNA-bound transcription factors to the RNA polymerase II (Pol II) machinery. It is a large complex of 30 subunits that is present in all eukaryotes. The Med12 subunit has been implicated not only in the regulation of Pol II activity, but also in the binding of transcription factors to(More)
The DNA sequence of human chromosome 21 (HSA21) has opened the route for a systematic molecular characterization of all of its genes. Trisomy 21 is associated with Down's syndrome, the most common genetic cause of mental retardation in humans. The phenotype includes various organ dysmorphies, stereotypic craniofacial anomalies and brain malformations.(More)
Oxidative DNA damage is mediated by reactive oxygen species and is supposed to play an important role in various diseases including cancer. The endogenous amount of reactive oxygen species may be enhanced by the exposure to genotoxic metals. A cross-sectional study was conducted from 1993 to 1994 in an urban population in Germany to investigate the(More)
Amides are analogs of aldehydes and potent inhibitors of liver alcohol dehydrogenases. They can be used for structural studies and for inhibiting the metabolism of alcohols that form toxic products. We studied N-alkyl amides that bind to the enzyme-NADH complex and act as uncompetitive inhibitors against varied concentrations of ethanol (millimolar Kii(More)
The murine vasorin (Vasn) gene, initially known as Slit-like 2, encodes a transmembrane protein that shares structural similarities with the eponymous Slit proteins. However, whether it also shares functional similarities with these large secreted proteins remains to be elucidated. Here, we report expression of Vasn during embryonic and fetal development of(More)
Reactive coenzyme analogues omega-(3-diazoniumpyridinium)alkyl adenosine diphosphate were prepared by reaction of omega-(3-aminopyridinium)alkyl adenosine diphosphate with nitrous acid. In these compounds the nicotinamide ribose is substituted by hydrocarbon chains of varied lengths (n-ethyl to n-pentyl). The diazonium compounds are very unstable and(More)
A new allele of esterase-13 was detected in various laboratory inbred strains of Rattus norvegicus and designated Es-13c. The activity of ES-13 towards a range of chromogenic substrates, inhibitor profile, isoelectric points and retardation coefficients on polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis were determined. The organ specific expression of ES-13 alleles was(More)
The spinal cord and mesodermal tissues of the trunk such as the vertebral column and skeletal musculature derive from neuro-mesodermal progenitors (NMPs). Sox2, Brachyury (T), and Tbx6 have been correlated with NMP potency and lineage choice; however, their exact role and interaction in these processes have not yet been revealed. Here we present a global(More)
1. Strachan, T., Abitbol, M., Davidson, D. & Beckmann, J. S. A new dimension for the human genome project: towards comprehensive expression maps. Nature Genet. 16, 126–132 (1997). 2. Neidhardt, L. et al. Large-scale screen for genes controlling mammalian embryogenesis, using highthroughput gene expression analysis in mouse embryos. Mech. Dev. 98, 77–94(More)
Presomitic mesoderm (PSM) cells are the precursors of the somites, which flank both sides of the neural tube and give rise to the musculo-skeletal system shaping the vertebrate body. WNT and FGF signaling control the formation of both the PSM and the somites and show a graded distribution with highest levels in the posterior PSM. We have used reporters for(More)