Manuela Ramos Silva

Learn More
BACKGROUND Polyploidization is a major evolutionary process in plants where hybridization and chromosome doubling induce enormous genomic stress and can generate genetic and epigenetic modifications. However, proper evaluation of DNA sequence restructuring events and the precise characterization of sequences involved are still sparse. (More)
Faba bean (Vicia faba L.) is a facultative cross-pollinating legume crop with a great importance for food and feed due to its high protein content as well as the important role in soil fertility and nitrogen fixation. In this work we evaluated genetic diversity and population structure of faba bean accessions from the Western Mediterranean basin and wild(More)
In genetic hybrids, nucleolus formation on chromosomes inherited from only one parent is the epigenetic phenomenon, nucleolar dominance. By using Arabidopsis suecica, the allotetraploid hybrid of Arabidopsis thaliana and Arabidopsis arenosa, natural variation in nucleolar dominance was found to occur, providing a unique opportunity to examine homologous(More)
Nucleolar dominance is an epigenetic phenomenon in plant and animal genetic hybrids that describes the expression of 45S ribosomal RNA genes (rRNA genes) inherited from only one progenitor due to the silencing of the other progenitor's rRNA genes. rRNA genes are tandemly arrayed at nucleolus organizer regions (NORs) that span millions of basepairs, thus(More)
The union of different genomes in the same nucleus frequently results in hybrid genotypes with improved genome plasticity related to both genome remodeling events and changes in gene expression. Most modern cereal crops are polyploid species. Triticale, synthesized by the cross between wheat and rye, constitutes an excellent model to study polyploidization(More)
BACKGROUND Chromatin organizational and topological plasticity, and its functions in gene expression regulation, have been strongly revealed by the analysis of nucleolar dominance in hybrids and polyploids where one parental set of ribosomal RNA (rDNA) genes that are clustered in nucleolar organizing regions (NORs), is rendered silent by epigenetic pathways(More)
A new process using the "ecofriendly" bismuth(III) salts as catalysts for the Westphalen and "backbone" rearrangements of 5 beta,6 beta-epoxysteroids is reported. This method is particularly sensitive to changes on solvent, temperature, stereochemistry of starting epoxysteroid, and its substituent at C17. Depending on the reaction conditions, either(More)
Genomic diversity of Portuguese accessions of Avena species--diploid A. strigosa and hexaploids A. sativa and A. sterilis--was evaluated through molecular and cytological analysis of 45S rDNA, and other repetitive sequences previously studied in cereal species--rye subtelomeric sequence (pSc200) and cereal centromeric sequence (CCS1). Additionally,(More)
A new convergent synthesis of the antitumor steroid formestane (4-OHA) 5 has been performed from the easily available epimeric mixture of 5 alpha- and 5 beta-androst-3-en-17-one 1a and 1b in order to attempt a yield improvement. A two-step oxidative route followed by base-catalyzed isomerization was applied to the 5 alpha- and 5 beta-epimers 1a and 1b,(More)
In this paper, we recognize the importance of the use of new technologies as a beneficial tool in significant learning. We demonstrate the use of a smartphone to perform Physics experiments at a high-school level, with minimum use of resources and classroom time. We describe thoroughly the execution of the experiment, the accuracy of the results and suggest(More)