Manuela Polydoro

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This study assessed parameters of free radical damage to biomolecules, mitochondrial superoxide production, superoxide dismutase, and catalase activities and their relationship to sepsis mortality. Prospective animal study in a university laboratory for experimental. 140 male Wistar rats. The animals were randomly divided into three groups: sham-operated(More)
Haloperidol (HAL) is a typical neuroleptic that acts primarily as a D2 dopamine receptor antagonist. It has been proposed that reactive oxygen species play a causative role in neurotoxic effects induced by HAL. Adult male Wistar rats received daily injections of HAL (1.5 mg/kg) or clozapine (CLO, 25 mg/kg), an atypical neuroleptic, for 28 days. Control(More)
Iron accumulation in the brain has been implicated in the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative disorders. It is known that iron catalyses the formation of highly reactive hydroxyl radicals. Recent studies have implicated oxidative damage in memory deficits in rats and humans. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the long-term effects of iron(More)
The protein malnutrition is a worldwide problem, affecting mainly newborns and children of developing countries. This deficiency reaches the brain in the most critical period of the development. Various consequences are related to this insult, such as memory disturbance, learning, and behavioral impairment. Protein content of the diet plays an important(More)
Malnutrition affects a large number of children worldwide. Inadequate nutrition during pre- and postnatal period may alter brain development resulting in biochemical, physiological and anatomical changes which in turn could cause behavioral abnormalities. The impairment of the central nervous system following protein deficit have been extensively studied(More)
Increased levels of iron in specific brain regions have been reported in neurodegenerative disorders. It has been postulated that iron exerts its deleterious effects on the nervous system by inducing oxidative damage. In a previous study, we have shown that iron administered during a particular period of the neonatal life induces oxidative damage in brain(More)
In this study we compared the antioxidant properties of five different extracts of different composition obtained from Achyrocline satureioides' inflorescences (Compositae), a widely used Brazilian folk medicinal herb. All of the extracts presented significant antioxidant potential identified by TRAP assay, which increased in the presence of human plasma.(More)
Retinol (vitamin A) is involved in several cellular processes, like cell division, differentiation, transformation and apoptosis. Although it has been shown that retinol is a limitant factor for all these processes, the precise mechanisms by which retinol acts are still unknown. In the present study we hypothesised that alterations in the cytoskeleton of(More)
Mobile telephones and their base stations are an important source of ultra high frequency electromagnetic fields (UHF-EMFs; 800-1800 MHz) and their utilization is increasing all over the world. Epidemiological studies have suggested that low energy UHF-EMFs may have biological effects, such as changes in oxidative metabolism after exposure. Therefore, we(More)
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