Manuela Pérez-Gilabert

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This paper describes a simple continuous spectrophotometric method for assaying phospholipase A(2) (PLA(2)) activity. The procedure is based on a coupled enzymatic assay, using dilinoleoyl phosphatidylcholine as phospholipase substrate and lipoxygenase as coupling enzyme. The linoleic acid released by phospholipase was oxidized by lipoxygenase and then(More)
The aim of this study was to reassess the use of autofluorescence for evaluating AM colonization in mycorrhizal roots in the light of criticisms of this method that affirmed that only metabolically inactive arbuscules autofluoresce. It was also investigated whether other mycorrhizal structures, such as hyphae, vesicles and spores, could be detected by(More)
In this paper, the inhibition of tyrosinase by a volatile compound is kinetically analyzed for the first time. The results obtained show that the volatile flavor constituent dimethyl sulfide (DMS) inhibits the catecholase activity of tyrosinase in a nonclassical manner. A decrease in the initial velocity to a inhibited steady-state velocity can be observed(More)
In the present paper the catecholase and cresolase activities of eggplant polyphenol oxidase (PPO) are described. To preserve the latter activity, a partially purified enzyme was used. Peroxidase was removed from the preparation to avoid its interference with PPO during phenol oxidation. The partially purified eggplant PPO was fully active. The(More)
Patatin is a family of glycoproteins that accounts for 30–40% of the total soluble protein in potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) tubers. This protein has been reported to serve as a storage protein and also to exhibit lipid phospholipase activity. This paper describes a simple continuous spectrophotometric method for assaying patatin phospholipase activity. The(More)
The influence of ethylene on growth in etiolated lupine (Lupinus albus L.) hypocotyls was studied in ethephon-treated plants. Ethephon reduced the length and increased the diameter of hypocotyls. At the end of the hypocotyl growth period (14 days), the fresh weight was reduced by 53%, and the dry weight was reduced by 16%. Thus, ethylene reduced water(More)
Soybean lipoxygenase-1 is able to oxidize dilinoleoyl phosphatidylcholine at pH 7.5 and 10. The reaction could be followed spectrophotometrically from the increase of the absorbance at 234 nm. An intermediate product and a final product were detected. In the intermediate product only one of the linoleoyl chains (either sn1 or sn2) was oxidized. In the final(More)
Lipoxygenase (LOX) (EC 1.13.11.12) oxidized a wide range of phenothiazine (Pt) tranquillizers to their corresponding radical cations in the presence of H2O2 by means of an enzymatic chemical second-order mechanism with substrate regeneration similar to that of horseradish peroxidase. The optimum pH of LOX for this hydroperoxidase activity was in the acid(More)
The hydroperoxidase activity of soybean lipoxygenase, a non-heme protein, oxidizes chlorpromazine using H2O2 at acidic pHs ranging from 3.0 to 4.0. The enzyme is assayed at pH 3.5, at which the half-life is 2 h (lower pHs cause higher inactivation rates). This oxidation is enzymatical since boiled enzyme or even iron ions both with H2O2 failed to produce(More)
Patatin was extracted from potato tubers (Solanum tuberosum L. cv. Spunta) and purified to homogeneity by ammonium sulfate salt fractionation and one sole chromatographic step. A spectrophotometric mixed micellar assay for patatin lipid acyl hydrolase (LAH) activity was designed with the detergent octaethylene glycol monododecyl ether (C12E8). Patatin LAH(More)