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Lipoxygenase (LOX) from eggplant (Solanum melongena L. cv. Belleza negra) was partially purified, and the products and kinetics of the enzyme were studied. Linoleic acid (LA) was the best substrate for this enzyme. Product analysis by HPLC and GC/MS revealed that, at its pH optimum (pH 7.0), the enzyme converted LA almost totally into the 9-hydroperoxy(More)
The aim of this study was to reassess the use of autofluorescence for evaluating AM colonization in mycorrhizal roots in the light of criticisms of this method that affirmed that only metabolically inactive arbuscules autofluoresce. It was also investigated whether other mycorrhizal structures, such as hyphae, vesicles and spores, could be detected by(More)
Soybean lipoxygenase-1 is able to oxidize dilinoleoyl phosphatidylcholine at pH 7.5 and 10. The reaction could be followed spectrophotometrically from the increase of the absorbance at 234 nm. An intermediate product and a final product were detected. In the intermediate product only one of the linoleoyl chains (either sn1 or sn2) was oxidized. In the final(More)
In the present paper, a fully latent polyphenol oxidase (PPO) from desert truffle (Terfezia claveryi Chatin) ascocarps is described for the first time. The enzyme was partially purified by using phase partitioning in Triton X-114 (TX-114). The achieved purification was 2-fold from a crude extract, with a 66% recovery of activity. The interfering lipids were(More)
The influence of inorganic and organic phosphorus (P) and the absence of P in the culture medium on the type of mycorrhizal colonization formed (ecto-, ectendo-, or endomycorrhiza) during Helianthemum almeriense x Terfezia claveryi symbiosis in in vitro conditions was analyzed. This is the first time that the relative proportions of the different(More)
In the present paper, we confirmed that alkaline phosphatase (ALP) is the main phosphatase present in ascocarps of the edible mycorrhizal fungus Terfezia claveryi. The enzyme was partially purified by precipitation with polyethylene glycol. The purification achieved from a crude extract was fivefold, with 53% of the activity recovered, and acid phosphatase,(More)
Patatin is a family of glycoproteins that accounts for 30-40% of the total soluble protein in potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) tubers. This protein has been reported to serve as a storage protein and also to exhibit lipid phospholipase activity. This paper describes a simple continuous spectrophotometric method for assaying patatin phospholipase activity. The(More)
This paper describes a simple continuous spectrophotometric method for assaying phospholipase A(2) (PLA(2)) activity. The procedure is based on a coupled enzymatic assay, using dilinoleoyl phosphatidylcholine as phospholipase substrate and lipoxygenase as coupling enzyme. The linoleic acid released by phospholipase was oxidized by lipoxygenase and then(More)
In this paper, the inhibition of tyrosinase by a volatile compound is kinetically analyzed for the first time. The results obtained show that the volatile flavor constituent dimethyl sulfide (DMS) inhibits the catecholase activity of tyrosinase in a nonclassical manner. A decrease in the initial velocity to a inhibited steady-state velocity can be observed(More)
There is very little information available on the kinetic characteristics of fungal lipoxygenases (LOXs) because most data on the mechanism of this enzyme concern soybean LOX. In this paper, the kinetic properties of LOX from Terfezia claveryi Chatin ascocarps were studied for the first time. The enzyme did not show the "substrate aggregation-dependent(More)