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It has been hypothesized that the immune system plays a pathogenetic role in psychiatric disorders, in particular in major depression and schizophrenia. This hypothesis is supported by a number of reports on altered circulating levels and in vitro production of cytokines in these disorders. However, the respective evidence is not consistent. This may be in(More)
Ca(2+)-activated K(+) (K(Ca)) channels control endothelial Ca(2+) homeostasis and the formation of vasodilators. After angioplasty, dysfunction of the regenerated endothelium leads to abnormal vasoregulation. In this study, we tested the expression and function of K(Ca) channels in regenerated endothelium at 6 weeks after balloon catheter injury of rat(More)
OBJECTIVE Ca(2+) mobilization plays an important role in endothelial function by stimulating Ca(2+)-dependent synthesis of vasodilating factors. In addition to inositol-1,4,5-trisphosphate (InsP(3)) mediated Ca(2+) mobilization, Ca(2+) release from ryanodine-sensitive pools and Ca(2+)-influx through TRP channels have been suggested to be important in(More)
OBJECTIVE Leptin is produced by fat cells and is presumed to signal the size of the adipose tissue to the brain. The authors investigated whether antipsychotic drugs that often induce weight gain affect circulating levels of leptin. METHOD Weight, body mass index, and leptin plasma level were measured weekly over 4 weeks in psychiatric inpatients who(More)
Topical application of capsaicin has been tested recently for treatment of painful peripheral neuropathy. In the present study, effects of capsaicin were explored on compound action potentials of isolated fascicles from human sural nerve biopsies. Capsaicin reduced the C fibre component by 30-60%; the remaining C fibres were not sensitive to the drug. A(More)
Clozapine is known to induce epileptic seizures and changes in EEG-patterns, including slowing and the appearance of epileptiform activity. Olanzapine, a new antipsychotic drug, shares many pharmacological and clinical properties with clozapine. However, in patients treated with olanzapine, no case of seizure induction has been reported so far, and the EEG(More)
Leptin, tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), and soluble TNF receptors are involved in weight regulation. Antipsychotic agents, such as clozapine, induce weight gain and increase circulating levels of these cytokines. To assess whether obesity-inducing antidepressants have a similar effect, we measured plasma cytokine levels in depressive inpatients(More)
The purpose of this study was to prospectively investigate the onset, course, and remission of psychiatric disorders in the first 6 months after a serious accident for consecutive patients in a hospital emergency department. Participants were 58 patients aged 18-65 who were assessed shortly after attending a hospital emergency department and were followed(More)
BACKGROUND Multiple sclerosis (MS) is one of the most common neurological disorders in young adults. It is characterised by a chronic progressive course with far reaching implications on the patient's private and professional life. Based on the current literature, employment status is analysed in relation to disease-specific, therapeutic, psychosocial, and(More)
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