Manuela Hofner

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BACKGROUND Pseudohypoparathyroidism type Ib (PHPIb) is characterized by parathyroid hormone (PTH) resistance, which can lead to hypocalcemia, hyperphosphatemia, and increased serum PTH. The disorder is caused by mutations in regulatory regions of the GNAS gene (GNAS complex locus) that lead to interferences in the methylation status of alternative GNAS(More)
The therapeutical use of cyclosporine A (CsA) is hampered by the development of nephrotoxicity characterized by a marked increase in renal vascular resistance (RVR). We investigated vascular functions in kidneys of rats treated with CsA. The ex vivo vascular reactivity of kidneys from control rats and animals treated subacutely with CsA [50 mg/kg/day(More)
BACKGROUND MGMT promoter methylation is associated with favorable prognosis and chemosensitivity in glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), especially in elderly patients. We aimed to develop a simple methylation-sensitive restriction enzyme (MSRE)-based quantitative PCR (qPCR) assay, allowing the quantification of MGMT promoter methylation. METHODS DNA was(More)
Desmin contributes to structural integrity and function of the myocardium but its function seems to be redundant in early cardiomyogenesis in the desmin null mouse model. To test the hypothesis that desmin also plays a supportive role in cardiomyogenic commitment and early differentiation of cardiomyocytes we investigated cardiomyogenesis in embryoid bodies(More)
Desmin contributes to the stability of the myocardium and its amino-terminal domain influences intermediate filament formation and interacts with a variety of proteins and DNAs. Specific serine residues located in this domain are reversibly phosphorylated in a cell cycle and developmental stage-dependent manner as has been demonstrated also for other(More)
Does the longevity phenotype offer an advantage in wound healing (WH)? In an attempt to answer this question, we explored skin wound healing in the long-lived transgenic αMUPA mice, a unique model of genetically extended life span. These mice spontaneously eat less, preserve their body mass, are more resistant to spontaneous and induced tumorigenesis and(More)
Aggregation of embryonic stem cells gives rise to embryoid bodies (EBs) which undergo developmental processes reminiscent of early eutherian embryonic development. Development of the three germ layers suggests that gastrulation takes place. In vivo, gastrulation is a highly ordered process but in EBs only few data support the hypothesis that(More)
BACKGROUND Circulating cell free DNA in serum as well as serum-autoantibodies and the serum proteome have great potential to contribute to early cancer diagnostics via non invasive blood tests. However, most DNA preparation protocols destroy the protein fraction and therefore do not allow subsequent protein analyses. In this study a novel approach based on(More)
The development of osteoarthritis (OA) depends on genetic and environmental factors, which influence the biology of the chondrocyte via epigenetic regulation. Changes within the epigenome might lead the way to discovery of new pathogenetic pathways. We performed a genome-wide methylation screening to identify potential differences between paired mild and(More)
OBJECTIVE The p75 neurotrophin receptor (p75(NTR)) contributes to diabetes mellitus-induced defective postischemic neovascularization. The interleukin-33 receptor ST2 is expressed as transmembrane (ST2L) and soluble (sST2) isoforms. Here, we studied the following: (1) the impact of p75(NTR) in the healing of ischemic and diabetic calf wounds; (2) the link(More)