Manuela Födinger

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Although a classification for mastocytosis and diagnostic criteria are available, there remains a need to define standards for the application of diagnostic tests, clinical evaluations, and treatment responses. To address these demands, leading experts discussed current issues and standards in mastocytosis in a Working Conference. The present article(More)
Anderson-Fabry disease is possibly underdiagnosed in patients with end-stage renal disease. Nationwide screening was therefore undertaken for Anderson-Fabry disease among dialysis patients in Austria. Screening for alpha-galactosidase A (AGAL) deficiency was performed by a blood spot test. In patients with a positive screening test, AGAL activity in(More)
Mast cell disorders are defined by an abnormal accumulation of tissue mast cells (MCs) in one or more organ systems. Symptoms in mastocytosis result from MC-derived mediators and, less frequently, from destructive infiltration of MCs. Cutaneous mastocytosis (CM) is a benign disease of the skin and may regress spontaneously. Systemic mastocytosis (SM) is a(More)
The expression of the natural killer (NK) cell marker CD56 has been reported to occur in NK cell lymphomas/leukemias and a small group of peripheral T-cell lymphomas but has not been studied extensively in primary intestinal non-B-cell lymphomas. Normal human jejunal intraepithelial lymphocytes (IELs) are mainly T-cell receptor(More)
Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) plays a central role in the folate cycle and contributes to the metabolism of the amino acid homocysteine. It catalyzes the reduction of 5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate to 5-methyltetrahydrofolate, thus generating the active form of folate required for remethylation of homocysteine to methionine. Deficiency of(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with mastocytosis may suffer from severe hypotension after wasp or bee stings. In these patients, no specific IgE is detectable, but they usually have skin lesions and an elevated serum tryptase level. METHODS We report on 6 patients who were referred to our department because of severe hypotension following bee or wasp stings without(More)
BACKGROUND It is unknown whether traditional cardiovascular disease risk factors influence the number of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) and whether numbers of EPCs correlate with endothelial function in patients with end-stage renal disease. METHODS In a cross-sectional study of 38 peritoneal dialysis patients, we examined numbers of circulating(More)
The proto-oncogene C-KIT encodes a tyrosine kinase receptor that is expressed on mast cells and haematopoietic stem cells and can show somatic mutations in patients with mastocytosis. Only scattered information is available about mutations in C-KIT in patients with other myeloid neoplasms. Moreover, the prevalence of mutations in C-KIT in bone marrow(More)
Although mast cells are hematopoietic cells, little is known about the origin of their precursors in vivo. In this study, the origin (donor v recipient genotype) of human mast cells (MCs) was analyzed in a patient who underwent allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (BMT). The patient presented with secondary acute myeloid leukemia (French-American-British(More)
The effect of 5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) 677C-->T and 1298A-->C on total homocysteine (tHcy), folate and vitamin B(12) levels was investigated in 733 kidney graft recipients. The six major genotype combinations were used as grouping variables, and age, gender, BMI, serum creatinine, and creatinine clearance and ln-folate, ln-vitamin(More)