Manuela Del Forno

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Post-viral cough is a type of cough originating from upper respiratory tract infections that persists after the infection is resolved. Although it was hypothesized that bronchodilators might have a role in the management of post-viral cough, a clear demonstration of their efficacy is missing. Therefore, we tested the efficacy of a combination of a β-agonist(More)
The choice of the interface for noninvasive ventilation (NIV) is a key factor in NIV success. We hypothesised that a new helmet specifically design to improve performance in hypercapnic patients would be clinically equivalent to a standard oronasal mask. In a multicentre, short-term, physiological, randomised trial in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease(More)
Because in experimental hepatocarcinogenesis apoptosis increases from normal to preneoplastic to carcinoma tissue, proapoptotic factors, such as activin-A, may represent useful markers for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). In this study, serum activin-A was measured in 99 cirrhotic patients, of whom 55 had HCC. Activin-A concentrations were higher in HCC(More)
International experts suggest tailoring antibiotic duration in community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) according to patients' characteristics. We aimed to assess the effectiveness of an individualized approach to antibiotic duration based on time in which CAP patients reach clinical stability during hospitalization. In a multicenter, non-inferiority, randomized,(More)
Circulating soluble TNF receptors, which act as TNF inhibitors, increase following the administration of IFN-alpha. Whether this is due to a direct IFN action or to indirect mechanisms involving the release of other cytokines is unclear. The kinetics of serum IFN, TNF, IL-6, IL-10, soluble TNF receptor type-I (sTNF-RI) and sTNF-RII were evaluated by enzyme(More)
To investigate the relationship among circulating cytokines, inflammation in the liver, and kind of response to interferon-alpha (IFN-alpha) in hepatitis C, we studied 63 consecutive patients (38 male, 25 female), treated with IFN for up to 1 year. Serum tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) was measured at baseline and after 3 months of treatment.(More)