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Innervation of the clinically normal human corneal epithelium was investigated utilizing immunohistochemical and electron microscopic techniques. All corneal epithelial sheets examined demonstrated neuron specific enolase (NSE: a non-specific marker for neural elements), calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP: a putative marker for sensory fibers), and(More)
Spanish histologist Santiago Ramón y Cajal, one of the most notable figures in Neuroscience, and winner, along with Camillo Golgi, of the 1906 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his discoveries on the structure of the nervous system, did not escape experimenting with some of the psychiatric techniques available at the time, mainly hypnotic(More)
Previously, we have used descriptive pathology and histomorphometry, as well as functional testing to characterize the age-related retinal degeneration in the Fischer 344 rat. These studies suggested an association between Müller cells and photoreceptor cells in this process. The purpose of the present study was to further investigate the respective roles(More)
In seeing rats light flashes inhibit acoustic startle reflexes at short lead times. In contrast, visually impaired (light-blinded) rats show an early phase of exaggerated reflex expression, revealing the presence of pathological visual processing, and then an aberrant late phase of delayed inhibition. Grafting fetal retinal cells into the damaged retina(More)
We have previously described how the expression of photoreceptor cell degeneration in the Fischer 344 rat is affected by age, retinal topography, and gender. Degeneration in the central and equatorial regions progresses linearly with age throughout the life span of the animal, while the periphery of the male is subject to sudden and dramatic losses of cells(More)
PURPOSE The Royal College of Surgeons (RCS) rat suffers from a well-characterized, early-onset, and relentless form of photoreceptor cell degeneration. It has been shown that allografts of retinal pigment epithelial cells from normal perinatal rats have rescue effects in this condition. In preparation for human application, the authors determined whether(More)
This study uses a water maze paradigm as a tool to assess posttransplantation changes in behavior associated with a visual stimulus. A set of dystrophic RCS rats received bilateral injections of freshly isolated human fetal RPE cells into the subretinal space of the superior equatorial hemisphere. Five age-matched control dystrophic RCS rats received(More)
PURPOSE A pilot study of human neural retinal transplantation was undertaken to investigate three major issues: whether a safe surgical procedure could be devised for transplantation of neural retinal tissue into the subretinal space, whether the transplant would be accepted in the subretinal space, and whether an improvement in vision could be achieved. (More)
Previously we have observed that fetal retinal cells grafted to the subretinal space of blind rats produced a functional recovery as determined by testing the visual inhibition of the startle response. Following those studies, we performed experiments to test whether the injection itself, cell by-products, or unrelated neural cells could also produce an(More)
Blindness from retinal disease is often the consequence of extensive damage to the photoreceptor cell population, while other cell types which form the neural retina are relatively spared. In this setting, transplantation of photoreceptor cells could offer hope for the restoration of some degree of visual function. We tested the feasibility of this approach(More)