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Stevenel's Blue is a reliable, rapid, and clean, one-step polychromatic stain for 1 micron thick epoxy sections. The staining solution, originally used by L. Stevenel (1918) to stain human parasites, is made by adding diluted potassium permanganate (2%) to an aqueous solution of the methylene blue (1.3%) and redissolving the precipitate thoroughly, by(More)
We have regularly observed alterations in the three-layered arrangement of cerebellar cortex surrounding fissura prima in normal adult and neonatal rats. In 90 of 110 rat brains analyzed, the cortical layers surrounding fissura prima were found to be altered from the four-layered (neonatal) or three-layered (adult) arrangement found in the majority of the(More)
Genetically engineered cells carrying genes for neurotrophic factors have potential application for treatment of neurodegenerative diseases and injuries to the nervous system. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) promotes the survival of specific neurons, including retinal ganglion cells (RGC). To determine whether genetically engineered astrocytes(More)
Innervation of the clinically normal human corneal epithelium was investigated utilizing immunohistochemical and electron microscopic techniques. All corneal epithelial sheets examined demonstrated neuron specific enolase (NSE: a non-specific marker for neural elements), calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP: a putative marker for sensory fibers), and(More)
Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV) infection of the central nervous system is characterized by neuronal loss in discrete areas of the central nervous system. We have previously demonstrated that HIV-infected monocytes in culture with astroglial cells produce high levels (> or = 200 pg/ml) of the cytokine tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF alpha). We(More)
Blindness from retinal disease is often the consequence of extensive damage to the photoreceptor cell population, while other cell types which form the neural retina are relatively spared. In this setting, transplantation of photoreceptor cells could offer hope for the restoration of some degree of visual function. We tested the feasibility of this approach(More)
Embryonic rat retinae transplanted into the anterior chamber of adult rat eyes of the same or different strain survive and grow. Light and electron microscopic studies show that the transplants undergo histogenetic differentiation, resulting in the development of mature inner and outer layer neurons and Müller glial cells. Vascular connections develop(More)
Dissociated cell suspensions of neonatal neural retina, labeled with the fluorescent dyes Fast blue or Fluoro-gold, were transplanted into the retina of normal adult rats or of rats affected by late stage phototoxic retinopathy. Light microscopy showed good survival, differentiation, and integration of the transplants, as well as permanence of the label up(More)