Manuel Wille

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The seven serologically different botulinum neurotoxins are highly potent protein toxins that inhibit neurotransmitter release from peripheral cholinergic synapses. The activated toxins consist of the toxifying A-subunits (Mr approximately 50,000) linked by a disulfide bond to the receptor-binding BC-subunits (Mr approximately 100,000). We have established(More)
The gelsolin-actin complex was ADP-ribosylated by Clostridium botulinum C2 toxin and Clostridium perfringens iota toxin in lysates of human platelets and human neutrophils. When [32P]orthophosphate-labelled human neutrophils were treated with C. botulinum C2 toxin, [32P]ADP-ribosylated gelsolin-actin was precipitated with anti-gelsolin antibody. Stimulation(More)
ADP-ribosylation of the 1:1 (G-A) and 1:2 (G-A-A) gelsolin-actin complexes by Clostridium perfringens iota toxin and Clostridium botulinum C2 toxin was studied. Iota toxin ADP-ribosylated actin in the G-A complex from human platelets as effectively as skeletal muscle actin. The Km for NAD (4 microM) was identical for both substrates. C2 toxin(More)
Clostridium botulinum C2 toxin and Clostridium perfringens iota toxin belong to a novel family of actin ADP-ribosylating toxins. ADP-ribosylation of actin inhibits actin polymerization and G-actin-associated ATPase activity. The ADP-form of actin is ADP-ribosylated at a higher rate than actin with bound ATP. ADP-ribosylation of actin is reversible, a(More)
The present work aims at improving the image quality of low-cost cameras based on multiple exposures, machine learning, and a perceptual quality measure. The particular implementation consists of two cameras, one being a high-quality DSLR, the other part of a cell phone. The cameras are connected via USB. Since the system is designed to take many exposures(More)
When editing images it is often desirable to apply a filter with a spatially varying strength. With the usual selection tools like gradient, lasso, brush, or quick selection tools, creating masks containing such spatially varying strength values is time-consuming and cumbersome. We present an interactive filtering approach which allows to process photos(More)
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