Manuel Vilanova

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Staphylococcus epidermidis is now well established as a major nosocomial pathogen associated with infections of indwelling medical devices. The major virulence factor of these organisms is their ability to adhere to devices and form biofilms. However, it has not been established that adherence and biofilm formation are closely linked phenotypes for clinical(More)
Serotyping is a simple typing method that consists of an immunoenzymatic assay (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay [ELISA]) using synthetic polymorphic peptides derived from Toxoplasma gondii antigens. We developed a new ELISA based on GRA6 C-terminal polymorphic peptides. Serum samples from 41 human infections due to 23 archetypal (type I, II, or III) and(More)
Certain extracellular proteins produced by several pathogenic microorganisms interfere with the host immune system facilitating microbial colonization and were thus designated virulence-associated immunomodulatory proteins. In this study, a protein with B lymphocyte stimulatory activity was isolated from culture supernatants of Streptococcus agalactiae(More)
Poly-N-acetylglucosamine (PNAG) is a major component of the Staphylococcus epidermidis biofilm extracellular matrix. However, it is not yet clear how this polysaccharide impacts the host immune response and infection-associated pathology. Faster neutrophil recruitment and bacterial clearance were observed in mice challenged intraperitoneally with S.(More)
Surveys conducted worldwide have shown that a significant proportion of grape musts are suboptimal for yeast nutrients, especially assimilable nitrogen. Nitrogen deficiencies are linked to slow and stuck fermentations and sulphidic off-flavour formation. Nitrogen supplementation of grape musts has become common practice; however, almost no information is(More)
Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are part of the innate immune system and are generally defined as cationic, amphipathic peptides, with less than 50 amino acids, including multiple arginine and lysine residues. The human cathelicidin antimicrobial peptide LL37 can be found at different concentrations in many different cells, tissues and body fluids and has a(More)
Staphylococcus epidermidis is an important nosocomial bacterium among carriers of indwelling medical devices, since it has a strong ability to form biofilms. The presence of dormant bacteria within a biofilm is one of the factors that contribute to biofilm antibiotic tolerance and immune evasion. Here, we provide a detailed characterization of the(More)
Staphylococcus epidermidis is the most commonly isolated aetiological agent of nosocomial infections, mainly due to its ability to establish biofilms on indwelling medical devices. Detachment of bacteria from S. epidermidis biofilms and subsequent growth in the planktonic form is a hallmark of the pathogenesis of these infections leading to dissemination.(More)
We describe the preparation and characterization of DODAB:MO-based liposomes and demonstrate their adjuvant potential and use in antigen delivery. Liposomes loaded with Candida albicans proteins assembled as stable negatively charged spherical nanoparticles with a mean size of 280 nm. High adsorption efficiency (91.0 ± 9.0%) is attained with high lipid(More)
Secreted aspartic proteinases (Sap) have been described as virulence factors implicated in the mechanisms of host colonization by the yeast Candida albicans in different types of candidiasis. Intraperitoneal inoculation of C. albicans into BALB/c mice rapidly leads to systemic candidiasis, with significant colonization of the kidneys measurable in the(More)