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A limnological survey of 15 lakes and 6 streams was carried out on Byers Peninsula (Livingston Island, South Shetland Islands, Antarctica) during austral summer 2001–2002. Most of the surface waters had low conductivities (20–105 μS cm−1) and nutrients (total phosphorus 0.01–0.24 μM), but some coastal lakes were enriched by nutrient inputs from seal(More)
The present study shows the occurrence of remarkable interannual variation in the meteorological conditions at Byers Peninsula (Livingston Island, South Shetlands Islands, Antarctica), in which one of the summers was significantly colder than the others. Within this climatic scenario, a limnological study was carried out at Lake Limnopolar during three(More)
The chronostratigraphy of the sedimentary record of Limnopolar Lake, located on Byers Peninsula (Livingston Island, South Shetland Islands, Maritime Antarctica), is described based on radionuclides and radiocarbon age dating. The oldest moss macrofossil age was 6700 ± 50 yr BP (7510 ± 80 cal yr BP) from which the age/depth model estimates a basal age for(More)
The nematode communities of Antarctica are considered simple. The few species present are well adapted to the harsh conditions and often endemic to Antarctica. Knowledge of Antarctic terrestrial ecosystems is increasing rapidly, but nematode communities remain to be explored in large parts of Antarctica. In soil samples collected at Byers Peninsula(More)
In Spain, a national project known as GUADALMED, focusing on Mediterranean streams, has been carried out from 1998 to 2005 to implement the European water framework directive (WFD) requirements. One of the main objectives of the second phase of the project (2002–2005) was to develop a predictive system for the Spanish Mediterranean aquatic macroinvertebrate(More)
The European Water Framework Directive establishes the need to define stream type-specific reference conditions to identify “high ecological status”. Methods for selecting reference sites using a priori criteria have been proposed by many authors. A review of these criteria revealed that the most relevant criteria for streams and rivers were those related(More)
Lake Sanabria is a glacial lake located at 1000 m a.s.l. in NW Spain. Its water is characterised by a low content of mineral salts, rather low pH, and oligotrophic status, which are all currently viewed as being favorable for Chrysophyte growth and proliferation. The study of the phytoplankton at different depths of the water column for three years showed(More)
Traditional identification of peach and nectarine varieties relies on the assessment of agronomic traits of the adult plant. This leads to a significant delay of time, constraints to breeders in the surveillance of germplasm and a risk for fruit growers and exporters. We describe a method for rapid assessment of peach and nectarine varieties based on AFLP(More)
Diatom assemblages from four different substrates from a stream on Byers Peninsula were analysed during the summer. The substrate type was the main factor explaining the variability in the diatom assemblages. Sandy biofilms showed a higher diversity and a greater number of endemic species. Two main hydrological regimes were observed: 1) a hydrologically(More)
Southern elephant seals (Mirounga leonina) are apex predators of marine Antarctic food webs, and variations in their populations have been linked to environmental changes. Consequently, measuring and reporting the status of elephant seal populations provide insights into the environmental status of Antarctica. Here, we present new information on the size of(More)