Manuel Portugal Ferreira

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The purpose of our study was to test the hypothesis that 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT)(1A) receptor agonists counteract morphine-induced respiratory depression. Studies were conducted in anesthetized rats, and respiratory activity was monitored with diaphragm electromyography. Morphine was administered i.v. in doses that produce apnea. Once apnea was(More)
1. To examine the effects of glucose on the central components of the vago-vagal reflex control of gastric function, we performed both in vivo and in vitro experiments on neurones in the medial nucleus of the tractus solitarius (mNTS) and in the dorsal motor nucleus of the vagus (DMV). 2. In the in vivo anaesthetized rat preparation, unilateral(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of microinjection of nicotine and nicotinic receptor antagonists into the dorsal motor nucleus of the vagus (DMV) or medial subnucleus of the tractus solitarius (mNTS) on intragastric (IGP) and arterial blood pressures (BP) in anesthetized rats. Nicotine microinjected into the DMV (10-300 pmol)(More)
National cultures and cultural differences provide a crucial component of the international business (IB) research context. We conducted a bibliometric study of articles published in seven leading IB journals over a period of three decades to analyze how national culture has been impacting IB research. Co-citation mappings permit us to identify the ties(More)
Neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) play a significant role in sympathetic transmission in the superior cervical ganglia (SCG), with most of the signal carried by a nAChR containing an alpha3 subunit. Work has shown that transection of the postganglionic nerves (axotomy) of the SCG results in a decrease in mRNA transcripts for alpha3,(More)
Transaction costs theory (TCT) has long been an important conceptual lens for examining International Business (IB) phenomena and perhaps especially relevant for the study of multinational corporations, entry mode choices and location selection. In this paper we examine the extent to which TCT been used and has impacted IB research. Methodologically, we(More)
Our purposes were to 1) develop an animal model where intravenously (iv) administered d-glucose consistently inhibited antral motility, and 2) use this model to assess whether iv glucose acts to inhibit motility from a peripheral or a central nervous system site and to elucidate the factor(s) that determine(s) whether stomach motor function is sensitive to(More)
The purposes of our study were to determine (1) the effects of intravenous (i.v.) nicotine on gastric mechanical function of anesthetized rats, (2) the CNS site of action of nicotine to produce these effects, (3) the CNS nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) subtype(s) responsible for mediating the i.v. effects of nicotine, and (4) the brainstem(More)
To determine the predominant nicotinic ACh receptor (nAChR) located on neurones in the dorsal motor nucleus of the vagus (DMV) that project to the gastrointestinal tract, we used the rat brainstem slice preparation and whole-cell recordings of DMV neurones identified by retrograde DiI tracing to pharmacologically characterize nAChRs. Pressure ejection of(More)