Manuel Porcar

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The polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is a molecular tool widely used to characterize the insecticidal bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis. This technique can be used to amplify specific DNA fragments and thus to determine the presence or absence of a target gene. The identification of B. thuringiensis toxin genes by PCR can partially predict the insecticidal(More)
The novel strains of Bacillus thuringiensis PM9 and NA69, isolated from soil samples in Spain, were classified and characterized in terms of their crystal proteins, plasmid profile, cry genes content, and their toxicological properties against several species of Lepidoptera, Coleoptera, and Diptera. Both strains share morphological and biochemical(More)
The most notable characteristic of Bacillus thuringiensis is its ability to produce insecticidal proteins. More than 300 different proteins have been described with specific activity against insect species. We report the molecular and insecticidal characterization of a novel cry gene encoding a protein of the Cry1I group with toxic activity towards insects(More)
Two novel crystal protein genes from a highly mosquitocidal Bacillus thuringiensis serovar medellin strain were cloned and sequenced. The corresponding proteins, Cry29A and Cry30A, were nontoxic when tested individually against the mosquito species bioassayed (Aedes aegypti, Culex pipiens and Anopheles stephensi). However, Cry29A synergized the toxicity of(More)
beta-Exotoxin is a thermostable metabolite produced by some strains of Bacillus thuringiensis. Because of vertebrate toxicity, most commercial preparations of B. thuringiensis are prepared from isolates that do not produce beta-exotoxin. The aim of the present study was to find out the possible relationship between serovars of B. thuringiensis and(More)
Six strains of Bacillus thuringiensis previously selected as highly toxic against Manduca sexta and Plutella xylostella were analyzed by PCR screening in order to identify the cry genes active on Lepidoptera. According to their gene content and insecticidal potency, these strains were cultured and aliquots taken at different pre- and post-sporulation times.(More)
Samples collected from aquatic environments from Spain were analyzed for the occurrence and dipteran toxicity of Bacillus thuringiensis. From a total of 41 samples, 122 isolates were obtained, yielding a B. thuringiensis index of 0.22. Isolates were assigned to 13 different serovars, with serovar thuringiensis (serotype H1) the most frequently found.(More)
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