Manuel Perucho

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The majority of tumors from hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer families and a subset of unselected gastrointestinal and endometrial tumors exhibit a microsatellite mutator phenotype (MMP) that leads to the accumulation of hundreds of thousands of clonal mutations in simple repeat sequences. The mutated genes with positive or negative roles in cell(More)
The frequency of point mutations at codons 12 and 13 of the c-K-ras gene has been determined in a panel of more than 400 human tumors. Mutant c-K-ras genes were detected in about 75% of adenocarcinomas of the pancreas (n = 84); 40% of adenomas (n = 72) and carcinomas (n = 244) of the colon end rectum; 30% of carcinomas of the bile duct (n = 19); 25% of(More)
We have reported previously that codon 169 of the proapoptotic gene BAX is a mutational hot spot in gastrointestinal cancer. Two different mutations were found in this codon, replacing the wild-type threonine by alanine or methionine. To compare the proapoptotic activity of these Bax mutants with wild-type Bax, we established an ecdysone (muristerone(More)
The incidences of microsatellite instability (MSI) and underlying DNA mismatch repair (MMR) defects in pancreatic carcinogenesis have not been well established. We analyzed 100 sporadic and 3 hereditary pan-creatic ductal adenocarcinomas for MSI, and high-frequency MSI (MSI-H) and low-frequency MSI (MSI-L) tumors were further analyzed for frameshift(More)
Genetic or epigenetic inactivation of DNA mismatch repair genes results in a strong mutator phenotype, known as the microsatellite mutator phenotype or microsatellite instability (MSI). This mutator phenotype causes mutations in genes responsible for the regulation of cell growth and survival/death and thus promotes the development and progression of(More)
Recent work led to recognize sessile serrated adenomas (SSA) as precursor to many of the sporadic colorectal cancers with microsatellite instability (MSI). However, comprehensive analyses of DNA methylation in SSA and MSI cancer have not been conducted. With an array-based methylation sensitive amplified fragment length polymorphism (MS-AFLP) method we(More)
Patients with long-standing ulcerative colitis (UC) have higher risk of developing colorectal cancer. Albeit the causes remain to be understood, epigenetic alterations have been suggested to play a role in the long-term cancer risk of these patients. In this work, we developed a novel microarray platform based on methylation-sensitive amplified fragment(More)
BACKGROUND The typical Western diet is not balanced in methyl nutrients that regulate the level of the methyl donor S-adenosylmethionine (SAM) and its derivative metabolite S-adenosylhomocysteine (SAH), which in turn may control the activity of certain methyltransferases. Feeding rodents with amino acid defined and methyl-imbalanced diet decreases hepatic(More)
C-myc gene activation is a common event in multiple types of neoplasia and has been associated with different cellular processes relevant to the malignant transformation of cancer cells. C-myc gene amplification has been analysed in colorectal carcinomas by means of an innovative DNA fingerprinting method based on the arbitrarily primed PCR. This method(More)
Somatic hypermethylation of the O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase gene (MGMT) was previously associated with G > A transition mutations in KRAS and TP53 in colorectal cancer (CRC). We tested the association of MGMT methylation with G > A mutations in KRAS and TP53 in 261 CRCs. Sixteen cases, with and without MGMT hypermethylation, were further analyzed(More)