Manuel Pérez Molina

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Signal transduction mediated by the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) Slt2 pathway is essential to maintain the cell wall integrity in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Stimulation of MAPK pathways results in activation by phosphorylation of conserved threonine and tyrosine residues of MAPKs. We have used an antibody that specifically recognizes dually(More)
Septins constitute a cytoskeletal structure that is conserved in eukaryotes. In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the Cdc3, Cdc10, Cdc11, Cdc12 and Shs1/Sep7 septins assemble as a ring that marks the cytokinetic plane throughout the budding cycle. This structure participates in different aspects of morphogenesis, such as selection of cell polarity, localization of(More)
The protein kinase C (PKC1) pathway is essential for maintaining cell integrity in yeast. Here it is shown that various forms of cell wall damage result in activation of the downstream MAP kinase Slt2/Mpk1. Several cell wall mutants displayed enhanced FKS2-lacZ expression, a known output of Slt2 activation. A similar response was obtained with wild-type(More)
The Microscreen assay was developed as a means of testing very small samples, as in complex mixture fractionation. It is a multi-endpoint assay which utilizes E. coli WP2s(lambda). Exposure takes place to serial dilutions of the test compound in microtitre wells (250 microliters) followed by sampling from wells in which growth has occurred ('non-toxic(More)
We analyzed serum and tumor samples from 133 patients with operable primary breast cancer to determine the possible relationship between presurgery and postsurgery circulating serum vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) levels and tumor-associated macrophage (TAM) numbers, tumor VEGF expression, and other immunohistochemical parameters. A significant(More)
By genetic analysis of a thermosensitive autolytic mutant whose phenotype was complemented by osmotic stabilization with sorbitol, we identified gene LYT2 of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, which is probably involved in cell wall formation. A yeast gene complementing lyt2 strains was cloned and shown to carry an open reading frame coding for a 484-amino-acid(More)
Ste20/PAK serine/threonine protein kinases have been suggested as playing essential roles in cell signalling and morphogenesis as potential targets of Cdc42 and Rac GTPases. We have isolated and characterized the Saccharomyces cerevisiae SKM1 gene, which codes for a novel member of this family of protein kinases. The amino acid sequence analysis of Skm1p(More)
A number of metal compounds have been shown to be human carcinogens. Others, while not proven human carcinogens, are able to cause tumors in laboratory animals. Short-term bacterial assays for genotoxic effects have not been successful in predicting the carcinogenicity of metal compounds. We report here the ability of some metal compounds to cause the(More)
In fungi, cell shape is determined by the presence of a rigid cell wall which separates the cell from the extracellular medium. This highly dynamic structure is essential for the maintenance of cell integrity and is involved in several phenomena such as flocculation, adherence and pathogenicity. The composition of the fungal cell wall is well known, but(More)
Fluorescein-di-beta-D-galactopyranoside (FDG) was found to be a useful substrate for beta-galactosidase detection by flow cytometry in gram-negative bacteria, since it entered viable cells and gave a fluorescence emission proportional to the enzymatic activity. C12-FDG, a more lipophilic derivative, gave a very poor signal because of the lack of(More)