Manuel Martinez-Sanchez

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The feasibility of electrostatically extracting and accelerating ions from room temperature ionic liquids in a high vacuum environment is investigated using externally wetted emitters similar to those manufactured for liquid metal ion sources, made out of tungsten wire and electrochemically treated to produce a sharp tip and to increase surface wettability.(More)
This paper reports the design, fabrication, and experimental characterization of a fully microfabricated planar array of externally fed electrospray emitters that produces heavy molecular ions from the ionic liquids EMI-BF4 and EMI-Im. The microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) electrospray array is composed of the following two microfabricated parts: 1) an(More)
The problem of electrochemical decomposition due to extraction of single polarity ions from a novel ionic liquid ion source (ILIS) is solved by periodically alternating the voltage source so that the potential difference that appears across the double layer formed between the emitter conductive material and the liquid is maintained below the electrochemical(More)
A short review of the status of electric propulsion (EP) is presented to serve as an introduction to the more specialized technical papers also appearing in this Special Issue (Journal of Propulsion and Power, Vol. 14, No. 5, Sept. –Oct. 1998). The principles of operation and the several types of thrusters that are either operational or in advanced(More)
Although several operational codes are available for the prediction of plume dynamics of Hall thrusters and their interactions with spacecraft surfaces, their coverage of the range of physical phenomena involved and their ability to model complex geometries and material combinations has tended to be fairly restricted. We have initiated the development of a(More)
Hall thrusters and other types of electric propulsion have become a tempting alternative to traditional chemical propulsion systems due to the high specific impulses they provide at relatively high efficiencies. Unlike conventional chemical propulsion systems, electric propulsion devices do not rely on the internal energy stored within their propellant.(More)
Traditionally, Mars rover missions have been conceived with a single point design approach, exploring a limited architectural trade space. The design of future missions must resolve a conflict between increasingly ambitious scientific objectives and strict technical and programmatic constraints. Therefore, there is a need for advanced mission study(More)
This paper reports the design, fabrication, and experimental characterization of an internally fed linear array of electrospray emitters intended for space propulsion applications. The engine uses doped formamide as propellant and operates in the single-Taylor-cone droplet emission regime. The engine implements the concept of hydraulic and electrodynamic(More)
Electrosprays are devices in which nanometer sized droplets and/or solvated ions are electrically extracted from a liquid surface and accelerated to high velocities. They are usually constructed from conductive capillaries with one of the ends tapered down to a sharp tip with the purpose of enhancing the local electric field that produces the instability(More)
A repeatable method based on conventional micro fabrication techniques for creating sharpened emitters from porous tungsten has been explored. A laboratory demonstration thruster comprised of 49 of these porous tungsten emitters has been built and tested. The demonstration device operates on the electrostatic field evaporation of ions from ionic liquids.(More)