Manuel Maria Paula-Barbosa

Learn More
We recently demonstrated that stress-induced cognitive deficits in rats do not correlate with hippocampal neuronal loss. Working on the premise that subtle structural changes may however be involved, we here evaluated the effects of chronic stress on hippocampal dendrite morphology, the volume of the mossy fiber system, and number and morphology of synapses(More)
We have previously shown that in the hippocampal formation of patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) there is neuronal atrophy, without cell loss. Because reductions in neuronal size are suggestive of associated neuritic alterations, we decided to study the dendritic trees of the main neuronal populations in the hippocampal formation.(More)
Adult male rats were treated chronically with the selective type II corticosteroid receptor agonist dexamethasone, with dexamethasone plus aldosterone, a selective type I receptor agonist, and with a supraphysiological dose of corticosterone sufficient to occupy both type I and type II receptors; injection-free and oil (vehicle)-treated rats served as(More)
Thyroid hormone deficiency has long been considered to affect profoundly such cognitive functions as learning and memory, which are known to depend on the structural integrity of the hippocampal formation. Since we previously found that the number of granule cells of the dentate gyrus is reduced in hypothyroid animals, we decided to extend our observations(More)
Biochemical studies show that phosphorylated tau, like that found in paired helical filaments (PHFs), does not promote microtubule assembly leading to the view that PHF formation leads to microtubule deficiency in Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, although this issue is one of the most important aspects to further understanding the cell biology of AD, no(More)
Neurons in the ventromedial nucleus of the hypothalamus (VMN) display structural and biochemical sex differences in response to estrogen. Despite this fact, reports on sex differences in the morphology of the VMN are restricted to its volume and synaptic patterning. The aim of this study was to characterize the neuroanatomical sexual dimorphisms in the VMN(More)
The effects of hypothyroidism upon the structure of the central nervous system of adult rats are poorly understood in spite of evidence that the mature brain is vulnerable to this condition. Existing developmental studies show that the morphological changes induced by thyroid hormone deficiency are related to alterations in neurogenesis. We studied the(More)
Previous data revealed that numerous neurons in the supraoptic nucleus degenerate after prolonged ethanol exposure, and that the surviving neurons increase their activity in order to prevent dramatic changes in water metabolism. Conversely, excess alcohol does not induce cell death in the suprachiasmatic nucleus, but leads to depression of neuropeptide(More)
We have examined if long-term (13 months) alcohol consumption and the same treatment followed by a 6-week withdrawal period cause different neuropathological changes in rats. Spatial reference and working memory of alcohol-consuming and withdrawn rats were evaluated by comparison of their performance with age-matched controls in the Morris water maze. In(More)
There is evidence that chronic ethanol treatment (CET) disrupts the biological rhythms of various brain functions and behaviors. Because the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) is widely recognized as the dominant pacemaker of the circadian system, we have examined the effects of CET and withdrawal on the main morphological features and chemoarchitecture of this(More)