Manuel Maria Paula-Barbosa

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We recently demonstrated that stress-induced cognitive deficits in rats do not correlate with hippocampal neuronal loss. Working on the premise that subtle structural changes may however be involved, we here evaluated the effects of chronic stress on hippocampal dendrite morphology, the volume of the mossy fiber system, and number and morphology of synapses(More)
Elevations in the plasma levels of glucocorticoids are associated with cognitive impairments that have been ascribed to loss of neurons in the hippocampal formation. However, recent studies have strongly challenged this view. In order to clarify this issue, we have employed for the first time the optical fractionator and the Cavalieri principle, two(More)
Neurons in the ventromedial nucleus of the hypothalamus (VMN) display structural and biochemical sex differences in response to estrogen. Despite this fact, reports on sex differences in the morphology of the VMN are restricted to its volume and synaptic patterning. The aim of this study was to characterize the neuroanatomical sexual dimorphisms in the VMN(More)
The goal of this study was to answer the question of whether repeated administration of electroconvulsive shock (ECS) seizures causes structural changes in the entorhinal-dentate projection system, whose neurons are known to be particularly vulnerable to seizure activity. Adult rats were administered six ECS seizures, the first five of which were spaced by(More)
There is evidence that chronic ethanol treatment (CET) disrupts the biological rhythms of various brain functions and behaviors. Because the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) is widely recognized as the dominant pacemaker of the circadian system, we have examined the effects of CET and withdrawal on the main morphological features and chemoarchitecture of this(More)
The presence of sexual dimorphism in the hippocampal formation has long been recognized. Differences between male and female rats have been detected with respect to the number of dentate granule cells and branching patterns of dentate granule and hippocampal pyramidal cell dendrites. Groups of 6 male and 6 female Sprague-Dawley rats were studied at 180 days(More)
Prolonged seizures induced by neurotoxins or intracranial electrical stimulation provoke death of hippocampal neurons, which results in conspicuous learning and memory deficits. We examined whether repeated brief seizures elicited by electroconvulsive shock (ECS) can also deteriorate hippocampal structure and function. Adult Wistar rats were administered(More)
Despite the similarities in the processes of cell acquisition between the hippocampal and cerebellar granular layers, it was suggested that changes induced by thyroid deficiency on the neurogenesis of their granule cells were region specific, leading to different end-results: a permanent decrease in the number of the dentate gyrus granule cells in(More)
Although cognitive dysfunction is a common finding in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) its pathogenesis remains controversial. Given the involvement of the hippocampal formation in the processing of cognitive information and the scarcity of quantitative studies in this brain region, we have examined, using stereological methods, the(More)
We have previously shown that in the hippocampal formation of patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) there is neuronal atrophy, without cell loss. Because reductions in neuronal size are suggestive of associated neuritic alterations, we decided to study the dendritic trees of the main neuronal populations in the hippocampal formation.(More)