Manuel Maria Paula-Barbosa

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We recently demonstrated that stress-induced cognitive deficits in rats do not correlate with hippocampal neuronal loss. Working on the premise that subtle structural changes may however be involved, we here evaluated the effects of chronic stress on hippocampal dendrite morphology, the volume of the mossy fiber system, and number and morphology of synapses(More)
Elevations in the plasma levels of glucocorticoids are associated with cognitive impairments that have been ascribed to loss of neurons in the hippocampal formation. However, recent studies have strongly challenged this view. In order to clarify this issue, we have employed for the first time the optical fractionator and the Cavalieri principle, two(More)
We have previously shown that in the hippocampal formation of patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) there is neuronal atrophy, without cell loss. Because reductions in neuronal size are suggestive of associated neuritic alterations, we decided to study the dendritic trees of the main neuronal populations in the hippocampal formation.(More)
Neurons in the ventromedial nucleus of the hypothalamus (VMN) display structural and biochemical sex differences in response to estrogen. Despite this fact, reports on sex differences in the morphology of the VMN are restricted to its volume and synaptic patterning. The aim of this study was to characterize the neuroanatomical sexual dimorphisms in the VMN(More)
The presence of sexual dimorphism in the hippocampal formation has long been recognized. Differences between male and female rats have been detected with respect to the number of dentate granule cells and branching patterns of dentate granule and hippocampal pyramidal cell dendrites. Groups of 6 male and 6 female Sprague-Dawley rats were studied at 180 days(More)
Adult male rats were treated chronically with the selective type II corticosteroid receptor agonist dexamethasone, with dexamethasone plus aldosterone, a selective type I receptor agonist, and with a supraphysiological dose of corticosterone sufficient to occupy both type I and type II receptors; injection-free and oil (vehicle)-treated rats served as(More)
There is evidence that chronic ethanol treatment (CET) disrupts the biological rhythms of various brain functions and behaviors. Because the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) is widely recognized as the dominant pacemaker of the circadian system, we have examined the effects of CET and withdrawal on the main morphological features and chemoarchitecture of this(More)
Adult rats were given a 20% ethanol solution as their only source of fluid for 6 months and then withdrawn from alcohol. During the first 4 weeks of the withdrawal period, animals were intraperitoneally injected with either memantine (20 mg/kg bolus followed by 1 mg/kg every 12 h) or dizocilpine (MK-801; 0.1 mg/kg every 12 h), both of which are antagonists(More)
Prolonged seizures induced by neurotoxins or intracranial electrical stimulation provoke death of hippocampal neurons, which results in conspicuous learning and memory deficits. We examined whether repeated brief seizures elicited by electroconvulsive shock (ECS) can also deteriorate hippocampal structure and function. Adult Wistar rats were administered(More)
Despite the similarities in the processes of cell acquisition between the hippocampal and cerebellar granular layers, it was suggested that changes induced by thyroid deficiency on the neurogenesis of their granule cells were region specific, leading to different end-results: a permanent decrease in the number of the dentate gyrus granule cells in(More)