Manuel María Fernandez Pardal

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Cinnarizine and flunarizine are selective calcium blockers that have been used to treat and prevent vertigo. We studied 15 patients who had extrapyramidal syndromes after taking these drugs. Eleven patients had parkinsonism, one with persistent akathisia as well; one had an orofacial tremor; one, acute akathisia alone; and one an acute dystonic reaction.(More)
BACKGROUND Nonconvulsive status epilepticus (NCSE) is a usually underdiagnosed and potentially treatable cause of altered awareness in the elderly. To assess etiologies, associations with other medical problems, and prognosis of NCSE in a population aged >75 years we performed a nested case-control study. METHODS We retrospectively evaluated the clinical(More)
Over the last few years, cases of movement disorders induced by flunarizine and cinnarizine have been increasingly reported. We describe a series of 101 patients, whose ages ranged from 37 to 84 years (mean 69.1), developing abnormal movements frequently associated with depression, secondary to treatment with either or both drugs. Symptoms closely resembled(More)
We report 2 patients who presented a brainstem hemorrhage and who, after 1 and 6 months, respectively, developed a 4-Hz postural and resting tremor consistent with Holmes tremor, which severely interfered with the activities of daily living. In both cases, levodopa dramatically improved the tremor. Pharmacological treatment of this condition is usually(More)
A 19-year-old girl with a long-standing history of kyphoscoliosis misdiagnosed as idiopathic was offered corrective surgery on several occasions but fortunately refused, since neurological examination later found evidence of mild dystonic posturing in the neck and right leg. Symptoms worsened toward evening but improved with rest. Treatment with low doses(More)
An HIV-1-infected patient with progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy presented clinical deterioration and contrast-enhancing lesions on brain nuclear MR after the initiation of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). Brain biopsy identified an inflammatory reaction compatible with immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome. Treatment with(More)
A 28-year-old man with a history of congenital hydrocephalus due to aqueductal stenosis shunted at 45 days of age is presented. At age 4 years the valve had to be removed because of septicemia. Twenty-three years later he developed parkinsonian signs and abnormal, involuntary rhythmic contractions of the eyelids. The latter were elicited on gentle eye(More)