Manuel M Fernandez Pardal

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Cinnarizine and flunarizine are selective calcium blockers that have been used to treat and prevent vertigo. We studied 15 patients who had extrapyramidal syndromes after taking these drugs. Eleven patients had parkinsonism, one with persistent akathisia as well; one had an orofacial tremor; one, acute akathisia alone; and one an acute dystonic reaction.(More)
An HIV-1-infected patient with progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy presented clinical deterioration and contrast-enhancing lesions on brain nuclear MR after the initiation of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). Brain biopsy identified an inflammatory reaction compatible with immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome. Treatment with(More)
A 19-year-old girl with a long-standing history of kyphoscoliosis misdiagnosed as idiopathic was offered corrective surgery on several occasions but fortunately refused, since neurological examination later found evidence of mild dystonic posturing in the neck and right leg. Symptoms worsened toward evening but improved with rest. Treatment with low doses(More)
We report 2 patients who presented a brainstem hemorrhage and who, after 1 and 6 months, respectively, developed a 4-Hz postural and resting tremor consistent with Holmes tremor, which severely interfered with the activities of daily living. In both cases, levodopa dramatically improved the tremor. Pharmacological treatment of this condition is usually(More)
A 73-year-old man with a history of obstructive lung disease who received clenbuterol 20 mg b.i.d. over 5 years developed dyskinetic movements mainly of the respiratory muscles, closely resembling neuroleptic-induced dyskinesias. Despite drug withdrawal, abnormal movements persisted unchanged. Treatment with reserpine successfully controlled the dyskinetic(More)