Manuel Jiménez-Estrada

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Six known pentacyclic triterpenes possessing oleanane, lupane, or taraxerane-type skeletons were isolated from the leaves of Sebastiania adenophora (Euphorbiaceae) and are reported for the first time in this species. These compounds include 3-epi-β-amyrin, β-amyrinone, 3-epi-lupeol, lupenone, taraxerol, and taraxerone. Structures were elucidated by(More)
Diarrhoeal diseases constitute a major public health problem, particularly in developing countries, where the rate of mortality and morbidity is very high (Bern et al., 1992). The World Health Organization (WHO) has estimated that 1.5 billion episodes of diarrhea occur every year in these countries, resulting in 3 million deaths (Alper 2003). In Mexico,(More)
Crude extracts of Mexican medicinal plants were screened for trypanocidal activity against Trypanosoma cruzi, which is the etiological agent for Chagas' disease, one of the most serious protozoan diseases in Latin America. There were 43 kinds of methanolic and other organic extracts from 39 plants which were examined by the preliminary screening test to see(More)
The organic plant extracts of 21 species of Clusiaceae from Mexico were screened for anti HIV-1 reverse transcriptase activity in a non-radioactive immuno colorimetric assay. The extracts of 5 species (23.8%) exhibited significant inhibition (> or =70%) of HIV-1 RT activity; of these, only 4 extracts showed reduced toxicity to human lymphocytic MT2 cells(More)
Periodontal disease comprises a group of infections that lead to inflammation of the gingival and destruction of periodontal tissues and is accompanied by the loss of the alveolar bone with eventual exfoliation of the teeth. Porphyromonas gingivalis is a Gram-negative bacteria obtained from the periodontal pocket of patients with aggressive and chronic(More)
The hexane, acetone and methanol extracts of Calophyllum brasiliense leaves were fractionated following a three bioassay guide: high HIV-1 RT inhibition, low cytotoxicity on MT2 cells and high inhibition of HIV-1 IIIb/LAV replication. This led to the isolation of three anti HIV-1 dipyranocoumarins: calanolides A and B and soulattrolide. In contrast, other(More)
The hypoglycemic effect of the hexane, methanol and water extracts obtained from roots of Psacalium decompositum (Asteraceae) was investigated in fasting healthy mice. Only the water extract significantly reduced blood glucose in a dose-dependent manner in normal mice after intraperitoneal administration (P<0.05). This water extract was macerated with(More)
The comparative analysis of growth, intracellular content of Na+ and K+, and the production of trehalose in the halophilic Debaryomyces hansenii and Saccharomyces cerevisiae were determined under saline stress. The yeast species were studied based on their ability to grow in the absence or presence of 0.6 or 1.0 M NaCl and KCl. D. hansenii strains grew(More)
The roots of the tropical tree Lonchocarpus oaxacensis afforded the 3-hydroxyflavanones jayacanol and mundulinol, as well as two flavanones, mundulin and minimiflorin. Flavonoids bearing 6,7-(dimethylpyran) and 8-(gammagamma-dimethyl allyl) substituents are characteristic for species grouped in the Minimiflori subsection. Therefore this subsection seems to(More)
The molecular and electronic structures of a series of 2-[(R-phenyl)amine]-1,4-naphthalenediones (R = m-Me, p-Me, m-Et, p-CF3, p-Hex, p-Et, m-F, m-Cl, p-OMe, p-COMe, p-Bu, m-COOH, p-Cl, p-COOH, p-Br, m-NO2, m-CN, and p-NO2) and their anions are investigated in the framework of density functional theory. The calculations are of all-electron type using a(More)