Manuel J. Bandez

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The Parkinsonian syndrome induced by pesticides is associated with the impairment of mitochondrial function. Toxicants that inhibit selectively NADH-dehydrogenase activity, as rotenone or pyridaben, also show a selective inhibition of O2 uptake and respiratory control in rat brain mitochondria in the presence of NAD-dependent substrates. The IC50 of(More)
Male mice receiving vitamin E (5.0 g alpha-tocopherol acetate/kg of food) from 28 wk of age showed a 40% increased median life span, from 61 +/- 4 wk to 85 +/- 4 wk, and 17% increased maximal life span, whereas female mice equally supplemented exhibited only 14% increased median life span. The alpha-tocopherol content of brain and liver was 2.5-times and(More)
Frontal cortex samples from frozen human brains were used to assess tissue respiration; content of mitochondria; mitochondrial oxygen uptake; activity of respiratory complexes and of mitochondrial nitric oxide synthase (mtNOS); content of cytochromes a, b, and c; oxidative damage (protein carbonyls and TBARS); and expression of Mn-SOD in patients with(More)
Female rats were treated with FSH (40 IU/kg) on the first and second diestrus days (D1 and D2) and with LH (40 IU/kg) on the proestrus (P) day to synchronize and maximize ovarian changes. Follicle area increased by 50% from D1 to P, and the estrus (E) phase showed multiple corpora lutea and massive apoptosis. Increased oxygen uptakes (42-102%) were(More)
Evidence supports the role of inflammation in the development of neurodegenerative diseases. In this work, we are interested in inflammation as a risk factor by itself and not only as a factor contributing to neurodegeneration. We tested the influence of a mild to moderate peripheral inflammation (injection of carrageenan into the paws of rats) on the(More)
Minocycline, an antibiotic of the tetracycline family, has attracted considerable interest for its theoretical therapeutic applications in neurodegenerative diseases. However, the mechanism of action underlying its effect remains elusive. Here we have studied the effect of minocycline under excitotoxic conditions. Fluorescence and bioluminescence imaging(More)
Hippocampus mitochondrial dysfunction with impaired electron transfer and increased oxidative damage was observed upon rat aging. Hippocampal mitochondria of aged (12 mo) and senescent (20 mo) rats showed, compared with young (4 mo) rats, marked decreases in the rate of state 3 respiration with NAD-dependent substrates (32-51%) and in the activities of(More)
Rat aging from 4 to 12 mo was accompanied by hippocampus and frontal cortex mitochondrial dysfunction, with decreases of 23 to 53% in tissue and mitochondrial respiration and in the activities of complexes I and IV and of mitochondrial nitric oxide synthase (mtNOS) (P < 0.02). In aged rats, the two brain areas showed mitochondria with higher content(More)
Rotenone and pyridaben were tested on activities and properties of rat brain mitochondria determining Ki (inhibitor concentration at half maximal inhibition) and Imax (% of inhibition at maximal inhibitor concentration). The assayed activities were complexes I, II and IV, respiration in states 3, 3u (uncoupled) and 4, biochemical and functional activities(More)
Male mice on a diet supplemented with thioproline (l-thiazolidine-4-carboxylic acid), a physiological metabolite of 5-hydroxytryptamine, at 2.0 g/kg of food from 28 weeks of age and for their entire life, showed a 23-29% increased median and maximal life span. These survival increases were associated with improved neurological functions. Compared to control(More)